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Termites Show Miners The Way To A Low Carbon Future – IFLScience

Posted: February 26, 2020 at 9:42 am

The quest to replace fossil fuels is hampered by shortages of some of the minerals used for batteries and dynamos. Scientists at Australia's CSIRO are seeking ways to make it easier to find minerals like cobalt and nickel, and are getting help from termites.

Vast deserts in places like Western Australia are pocketed with termite mounds. Termites sometimes bring up mineral particles from extraordinary depths for such small creatures hundreds of meters in some cases. In doing so they can give humans an indication of what lies beneath, allowing mineral explorers to focus their searches. Miners have been using this fact tosearch for goldfor some time, but new research could extend this to metals sought for environmental technologies, rather than mostly desired for aesthetics.

The lithium-ion batteries used in everything from our phones to electric cars currently use cobalt in their cathodes. This creates a major roadblock to the expansion of pollution-free transport because half the world's cobalt is currently mined in the war-torn Democratic Republic of Congo, accompanied by appalling human rights abuses and environmental damage. Electric car manufacturers have succeeded in replacing more and more of the cobalt they use with nickel, and hope at some point todo without it altogether. So far, however, increases in battery production are outstripping the reduced amount of cobalt per battery.

In many locations Manganese is mobilized in floodwaters,Dr Sam Spinkstold IFLScience, Before precipitating out on surface features such as soil and rocks. It bonds particularly well to termite mounds, forming a layer of manganese oxide, which Spinks calls super-absorbent of many other metals, including zinc, cobalt, and nickel.

Unfortunately, this can create false anomalies where the manganese oxide soaks up so much of a particular metal explorers think they have hit the jackpot, only to find little underground. InChemical GeologySpinks describes a more sophisticated approach.

Zinc is much more abundant than other base metals in the Earth's crust, and is usually found along with them. Zinc is fairly cheap and seldom worth mining on its own, but can guide us to more valuable metals.

"Zinc from hydrothermal ore deposits can be uniquely isotopically light, Spinks told IFLScience. Consequently, finding zinc with an unusual ratio of light isotopes, particularly in basaltic rocks, can be a sign of an ancient hydrothermal vent, around which nickel and cobalt are also likely to have been deposited. Spinks stressed the situation is more complex than this, because the manganese oxide on the termite mounds preferentially captures heavier zinc.

Nevertheless, "This new research shows we can now measure zinc variations, or isotopes, so accurately that we can identify what metal deposit lies deep underground,"he said.

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All You Need to Know about Biomimicry and How It Is Changing the Way We Design – Interesting Engineering

Posted: at 9:42 am

Perhaps you have seen the word pop up across social media? Or, maybe you have a friend who throws the word around randomly in conversation. Today we are going to explore the exciting world of biomimicry, examine how it is already changing the world around us, and explore how it could help tackle some of the worlds current issues. However, we are getting ahead of ourselves.

Now, biomimicry itself has to do with nature; learning from it to create new products and solutions. This is not completely new. Artists, designers, philosophers, scientists, mathematicians, and even engineers have looked to nature for thousands of years with the aims to unravel the mysteries of nature.

Even the great Leonardo Da Vinci obsessed over natures natural beauty, using it as a springboard for many of his eccentric inventions and creative creations. The late great fashion designer Alexander Mcqueen once saidThere is no better designer than nature. But, how true is this statement?

So, at this point, you probably have a general idea or an approximation of what exactly biomimicry is about. Lets dive deeper. One of the leading proponents of biomimicry, Janine Benyus, has gone on to define biomimicry as a practice that learns from and mimics the strategies found in nature to solve human design challenges and find hope along the way.

However, it goes beyond just looking to nature for design and engineering ideas. As stated by the Biomimicry Institute, Innovators turn to biomimicry with the hope of achieving a unique product that is efficient and effective, but they often gain a deep appreciation of and connection to the natural world...Biomimicry encourages conservation for ecosystems and its inhabitants because they hold the wisdom we need.

In short, the functionality and design of some of natures systems or even animals can provide engineers and designers alike guided inspiration in a wide range of industries that affect our everyday lives that, include but are not limited to, carbon capture solutions, clothing energy, agriculture, automotive design, architecture, and art.

At this point, hopefully, you have begun to grasp the main ideas behind biomimicry. There are currently many science institutions and leading businesses like Arizona State University, the International Living Future Institute, Nike, P&G fully behind the biomimicry movement. Nevertheless one of the main pillars behind biomimicry is sustainability.

Biomimicry ushers in an era based not on what we can extract from nature, but on what we can learn from her. This shift from learning about nature to learning from nature requires a new method of inquiry, says Benyus.

There are a few hundred examples of biomimicry, each with its own fascinating story. Today we could talk about how researchers are using the chemical compounds found in nature to design sustainable plastics, or how scientists in Australia are looking at native forests to design more efficient and safer factories. We could even talk about how everyones favorite insect, the spider, creates webs that have helped scientists create windows that are bird collision-free. Yet, we have some even cooler examples prepared for you.

If you have ever come in contact with termites, it probably was not the best experience. Termites are highly destructive, taking down sheds, garages, and even homes. Yet, the creepy little critters are master builders. You have probably come across the massive termite mounds standing meters tall. Besides building big, there is something special about these mounds.

Biomimicry does not always look at just the anatomical or evolutionary niche of a species. In fact, we often take a hard look at the support systems that animals create. In the case of termite, the little critters have figured out how to create the most elaborate ventilation systems for cooling on the planet. By using a very complex network of air pockets in their mound homes, termites are able to create a natural ventilation system using convention.

Though mounds can be found in some of the hottest places in the world, these homes are able to stay exceptionally cool inside. The engineering firm Arup took notice of the natural innovation and built an entire shopping center in Zimbabwe based on this natural convection system. It even uses less energy than a traditional facility.

We are well aware of the destructive power of tsunami waves and unfortunately have seen them in action recently. One of the most important tools we have for saving lives is pressure sensors that can be located underneath passing waves as deep as 6000 meters. In fact, these same sensors have taken their inspiration from dolphins. Dolphins have this amazing ability to communicate with each other very effectively while deep underwater.

The company EvoLogic took this inspiration and developed its Sweep Spread Carrier. This innovative technology can be used to detect underwater earthquakes and provide an assist for underwater tsunami warning systems.

The team describes their technology in detail stating, To mimic dolphin sound pattern, modems built on S2C technology continuously spread the signal energy over a wide range of frequencies and adapt the signal structure so that the multipath components do not interfere with each other. At the receiver end, advanced signal processing collects the energy and converts the received signals into narrowband signals.

RELATED: BIOMIMICRY: THE SINCEREST FORM OF FLATTERY

This results in achieving significant depression of multipath disturbances and substantial system gain, enabling successful decoding of signals also in crucial environments even when they are heavily masked by noise." Biomimicry can even be used to save lives.

Do you remember active camouflage from Halo? Basically, it allowed you to have Master Chief blend in with his surroundings and sneak up on your friends to get the oh-so-satisfying kill. Well, we are pretty close to this technology. Even more so, the technology was based on cephalopods, or squid and octopuses. As you are probably well, aware cephalopods are capable of changing their skin color instinctively. This allows them to hide from predators while bioluminescence allows them to communicate with or attract a mate. These are all thanks to their amazing and specialized skin cells.

Researchers at the University of Houston have developed a similar device that can sense the light and its surroundings and within seconds blend into its surroundings, just like your boy Master Chief in Halo. Of course, this technology has direct applications to the military and could perhaps make its way into consumer technology. Or maybe these super camouflage predator-like super soldiers are already out there, waiting just around the corner. You never know.

Biomimicry is much more prevalent than you think, changing the way we travel to space and how you get home. Biomimicry is shaping the way we produce sustainable energy and how we build buildings.

In what ways has biomimicry shaped your life? Do you have any favorite nature-inspired design examples?

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What’s delaying the opening of Muncie Dunkin’? – The Star Press

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Besides a newly paved parking lot, no changes have been made to the outside of the Dunkin' location at 418 S. Tillotson Ave. since November.(Photo: Charlotte Stefanski/The Star Press)

MUNCIE, Ind. As Muncie patiently waits for doughnuts and coffee from thenew Dunkin',those working on the project hope to get things rolling within the next few months.

Formerly a Burger King, the Dunkin at 418 S. Tillotson Ave. has been in the works since last February.

As construction progressed, the building reportedly presented many challenges for subcontractors and the projects general contractor, Thrive Construction.

Buck Baumert, one of Thrive Constructions owners, told The Star Press that work on Muncies Dunkin has encountered multipleunforeseen issues.

Early in the process, construction crews found extensive termite damage, which took time to eradicate.

That obviously brings a complete halt to everything, Baumert said. Now you have to go back, determine how extensive the damage is, get everything redrawn as far as what needs to be fixed. Thats a process and that takes time.

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There were also drain issues, followed by winter months, which caused things to slow down.

Baumert told The Star Press things are nowpretty much squared away, and final subcontractor bills should be paid within the next four weeks.

He said he believed Muncies Dunkin should open within the next 60 days.

We have done multiple projects with this franchisee (Raj Patel). Hes a very reputable franchisee and these were items out of his control, Baumert said. As far as getting the project completed and getting everyone paid, theres no doubt in my mind.

Patel agreed the store might open within 60 days, but he didnt want to announce an opening date yet.

Since were re-using an existing building, Im not sure if anything else will pop up like it has thus far, Patel said in an email to The Star Press. Were almost at the finish line.

Muncie previously had a Dunkin Donuts from 1969 to 1987 alongWheeling Avenue. The new location is considered a"Next Generation" store, featuringa modern atmosphere, new technology and design elements.

Charlotte Stefanski is a reporterat the Star Press. Contact herat 765-283-5543, cstefanski@muncie.gannett.com or follow her on Twitter @CharStefanski.

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Pesky termites are proving useful in finding nickel and cobalt – Stockhead

Posted: at 9:42 am

First it was trees pointing the way to gold, now Australias national science agency CSIRO is investigating the potential for termite mounds to help explore for nickel and cobalt.

So just how do termite mounds become the signpost to mineral deposits that are key to a low emissions future?

While termite mounds are already being used for mineral exploration after earlier CSIRO research found that termites bring up small particles from ore deposits and store them in their mound, it is new advances in sample analysis that open up its use for nickel and cobalt.

The CSIRO noted it had put these advances to the test in Western Australias southern Pilbara region to demonstrate that manganese crusts also known as metallic blue crusts display unique zinc signatures that indicate the presence of other base metals in the area.

Manganese crusts are also found in rock and cave varnishes, making them an easily accessible exploration tool for metals including nickel and cobalt.

Australian explorers need new, cost-effective techniques to find the next generation of deposits below the surface, lead scientist Dr Sam Spinks said.

As the world transitions to a low emission future, theres a need for more nickel and cobalt to build electric vehicles and batteries to store renewable energy.

Weve shown that analysing zinc isotopes found in manganese crusts have huge potential to be used to explore for these metal deposits, and others.

To prove the connection between termite mounds and finding mineralisation, the CSIRO analysed mounds and soils close to a zinc-lead-silver deposit and compared this data to samples from elsewhere.

Zinc is commonly found in most base metal deposits, and over time, its released and ends up in a range of natural materials such as soils, termite mounds and vegetation, Dr Spinks said.

While the alteration of zinc as it moves from the deposit to the surface traditionally made it unreliable as an exploration tool, the new advances in data analysis mean that zinc variations can now be measured accurately enough to identify what metal deposit is located underground.

Australian exploration companies have been analysing samples from termite mounds in gold exploration in recent years, now zinc offers another technique for use in broader environments and to find a range of metals, CSIRO research group leader Dr Yulia Uvarova said.

In Australia, mineral deposits tend to be located under cover, making drilling a requirement for effective exploration.

Being able to use termite mounds as an aid to exploration would cut back on the guesswork and potentially reduce the cost of exploring for nickel and cobalt deposits.

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Donald Trump Is Going to India to Find Himself – The New York Times

Posted: at 9:42 am

Most Indians were still struggling then, as they are now, for basic goods such as food, clean drinking water, toilets, jobs and livable homes. But the largely upper-caste beneficiaries of liberalization proclaimed their distance from such losers; their New India was premised on the assumption that super-achieving and high-consuming Hindus under a strong leader will forge a country that knows how to defends its borders, to vanquish internal and external enemies, and to liquidate termites.

Notions of broader uplift and protecting the poor were being stigmatized as the hopeless obsessions of deluded lefties. A quasi-Trumpian worldview was emerging, in which society appeared a mere sum of self-aggrandizing individuals locked in fiercely zero-sum competition with one another, with winners as well as losers racked by fear, distrust and envy.

The Hindu supremacists had already unleashed a stunningly successful politics of hatred. In 1992, after having promised to wage a peaceful campaign, they demolished a 16th-century mosque and then, after decades of marginality in Indian politics, rapidly rose to power in Delhi by the end of the decade on the back of anti-Muslim violence.

Their arriviste politics was matched, and boosted, by the social and cultural ambition of many rising Indians. It would be decades before a Trump Tower was built in Mumbai, but in Indias small towns, recently moneyed but culturally insecure Indians were already raising megalomaniacal monuments to themselves. Today, Indias richest person, who owns much of the fanatically pro-Modi media and monopolizes the countrys internet services, lives in a 27-story home in Mumbai a more eloquent symbol, in a city of slums, of Trumpian excess than any Trump tower in America.

If ostentatious architecture was one sign of Indias Trumpification, Bollywood was another. For decades, its films were known for their often sanctimonious insistence on ethical conduct. But by the late 1990s, some of Bollywoods most successful films were showcasing gaudy, Trump-style consumerism, leavened by a hypermasculine Hinduism, in which women always knew their place. The new privately owned media further opened up possibilities of a principle-free existence by lavishly detailing the lifestyles of the rich, famous and obviously corrupt.

The eventual beneficiary of this revolution, as much moral and cultural as political, were Hindu supremacists. They conducted nuclear tests in 1998 and then threatened Pakistan with all-out war in December 2001, after a terrorist attack on the Indian Parliament that some have suggested could have been a false-flag operation by Indias security agencies.

The following year, Mr. Modi set a new benchmark for the killer instinct by presiding over, as chief minister of the state of Gujarat, a pogrom that killed hundreds of Muslims and rendered homeless countless more. Condemnations, including from the United States, which denied him a visa, were soon followed by full-throated endorsements by Indias biggest businessmen of Mr. Modi as a leader who gets things done for the biggest businessmen, at least.

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Mild winter weather means more insects are active – WWLP.com

Posted: February 24, 2020 at 11:41 pm

WEST SPRINGFIELD, Mass. (WWLP) Bugs and insects follow temperatures, rather than the calendar when it comes to becoming more active after the winter.

When temperatures reach above 50 degrees, that signals a lot of bugsmistakenlythat spring is here. Locals have been spotting more bees, wasps, ladybugs and stink bugs.

One of the worst insects that are becoming more active right now are termites, and thats bad news for homeowners, especially since they can be pretty tricky to spot.

If you notice a lot of winged insects and discarded wings around your home, you might have a termite problem which will require professional help.

Because you might have a termite problem, entomologist Natasha Wright explained. And when you start to get winged termites that usually means the colony is 3 to 4 years old, so theyve actually been in your house for quite a while.

Braman said many people mistake termites for winged ants, and then dont think they need a treatment on their home.

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Detroit Rolls Out the Red Carpet for Anti-Semitic Hate Group – Clarion Project

Posted: at 11:41 pm

Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan at a press conference in 2011 in support of Libyan dictator Moammar Gadhafi (Photo: Scott Olson/Getty Images)

The city of Detroit played host to the Nation of Islams annual Saviours Day convention, featuring the hate groups spiritual leader Louis Farrakhan.

The Nation of Islam (NOI) has a long history of extremism and Holocaust denial. Farrakhan has been widely condemned for his anti-American, anti-Semitic, anti-white and conspiracy-filled preaching.

Farrakhan regularlycalls Jewssatanic and claims they control everything and mostly everybody. In a sermon, hecomparedJews to termites and called his Jewish critics stupid.

Other NOI leaders have praised Farrakhan and expressed multiple conspiracy theories, describing Jews as wicked, lying and arrogant people.

This extensive bigotry permeating NOI did not stop the City of Detroit from rolling out the red carpet for the vial hate group.

The well-known People Mover transportation system in downtown Detroit also issued a warm welcome.

Writer for the Detroit Free Press, Niraj Warikoo reported on the event and noted the praise bestowed upon the group by current and former city officials.

During his speech, Farrakhan criticized homosexuality.

Farrakhan then described the Iranian terrorist, Qassim Soleimani as his brother.

Soleimani, who was killed in a U.S. drone strike at the beginning of the year, was personally designated a terrorist and sanctioned by the U.S., the European Union and the United Nations.

In 2011, the Obama administrationsanctionedSoleimani for his role in plotting a foiled terror attack in Washington, D.C. He also oversaw the arming of Shiite insurgents fighting American troops in Iraq, and it is estimated that he was responsible for the deaths of over 600 American troops in Iraq.

One could ask: Do these government officials agree with Farrakhans hate-filled opinions or are identity politics the overriding factor in todays polarized world?

Whatever the reason, officials of the city of Detroit have no business praising and promoting this hate preacher.

Louis Farrakhan Denounces Jews atNation of IslamEvent

FarrakhanLeads Death to America Chant in Iran

Nation of Islam

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Bangladesh is doing well – The Navhind Times

Posted: February 23, 2020 at 3:48 pm

Karan Thapar

Frankly, I blame Henry Kissinger. Way back in the 1970s, he called Bangladesh an international basket case. At the time, no doubt, it was. Television images of the frequent devastating floods it suffered confirmed this characterisation. So the description stuck.

Today, Bangladesh is a different country. The world maybe slow in changing its opinion although I am not so sure of that but we inIndia have no right to be trapped in the 1970s. Yet, thats precisely what thejunior home minister revealed last weekend.

Half of Bangladesh will be empty (vacant) if Indiaoffers citizenship to them, said minister of state for home, G Kishan Reddy.Half of Bangladeshis will come over to India if citizenship is promised.Apart from the fact that he was undiplomatic and offensive, Reddy also revealedthat hes ignorant of the true state of Bangladesh. Worse, he doesnt know that,in comparison to India, Bangladesh is performing far better on many, if notmost, of the indices that determine quality of life.

First, Bangladesh is growing at a rate that we in Indiacan only envy and hope to achieve two or three years down the road. Whilst weslip below five per cent, Bangladesh isracing ahead at

eight per cent.

Second, while Nirmala Sitharaman desperately strives toattract investment leaving China by offering 15 per cent rates of corporatetax, Bangladesh is one of the two countries where its actually going.Consequently, high streets in London and New York are brimming with clothesmade in Bangladesh, but very few produced in Ludhiana and Tirupur. No wonderBangladeshs merchandise exports grew in double digits in fiscal 2019;

Indias sharply fell.

However, economic performance is only one part of thegrowing difference that separates India from Bangladesh. The other is moretelling. To put it bluntly, life in Bangladesh appears a lot more attractivethan in India.

Just look at the facts. Life expectancy for males andfemales in Bangladesh is 71 and 74 respectively. In India, the correspondingfigure is 67 and 70. When you break down this big picture, the differencebecomes even more striking. First, take children. Neonatal mortality in Indiais 22.73 per 1,000 live births; it is 17.12 in Bangladesh. Infant mortality is29.94 in India versus 25.14 in Bangladesh. Our under-five mortality is 38.69;theirs is 30.16.

Now, come to women. In Bangladesh, 71 per cent of womenabove the age of 15 are literate, while 66 per cent are so in India. InBangladesh, female labour participation is 30 per cent and rising; ours is 23per cent and has fallen by eigt per cent in the

last decade.

Finally, the ratio of high school enrolment for boys andgirls a measure that indicates how the future is developing is 0.94 inIndia but 1.14 in Bangladesh. Not only are things better on the other side ofthe border; theyre going to get better still. Were falling behind.

So when AK Abdul Momen, Bangladeshs foreign minister,says: Some Indian nationals are entering Bangladesh illegally for economicreasons, he may well be right. People migrate to improve their lives, and lifein Bangladesh seems decidedly better. If youre an Indian Muslim in danger oflynching because you trade in meat, accused of love-jihad because youve fallenin love with a Hindu, or in fear of losing your citizenship, you could easilybe tempted to cross over to the

other side.

At the moment, there cant be too many inclined tojourney in the opposite direction. The statistics I have quoted suggest thatits more attractive to be a termite in Bangladesh than a legal citizen inIndia.

One last point: Someone should tell Reddy that if theUnited States of America promises citizenship, half of India will cross over.Actually, it will be far more. And, by the way, the fact that Americas doorsare presently shut isnt stopping us.

(HT Media)

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Wikipedia Is the Last Best Place on the Internet – WIRED

Posted: February 22, 2020 at 8:45 am

The site's innovations have always been cultural rather than computational. It was created using existing technology. This remains the single most underestimated and misunderstood aspect of the project: its emotional architecture. Wikipedia is built on the personal interests and idiosyncrasies of its contributors; in fact, without getting gooey, you could even say it is built on love. Editors' passions can drive the site deep into inconsequential territoryexhaustive detailing of dozens of different kinds of embroidery software, lists dedicated to bespectacled baseball players, a brief but moving biographical sketch of Khanzir, the only pig in Afghanistan. No knowledge is truly useless, but at its best, Wikipedia weds this ranging interest to the kind of pertinence where Larry David's Pretty, pretty good! is given as an example of rhetorical epizeuxis. At these moments, it can feel like one of the few parts of the internet that is improving.

One challenge in seeing Wikipedia clearly is that the favored point of comparison for the site is still, in 2020, Encyclopedia Britannica. Not even the online Britannica, which is still kicking, but the print version, which ceased publication in 2012. If you encountered the words Encyclopedia Britannica recently, they were likely in a discussion about Wikipedia. But when did you last see a physical copy of these books? After months of reading about Wikipedia, which meant reading about Britannica, I finally saw the paper encyclopedia in person. It was on the sidewalk, being thrown away. The 24 burgundy-bound volumes had been stacked with care, looking regal before their garbage-truck funeral. If bought new in 1965, each of them would have cost $10.50the equivalent of $85, adjusted for inflation. Today, they are so unsalable that thrift stores refuse them as donations.

Wikipedia and Britannica do, at least, share a certain lineage. The idea of building a complete compendium of human knowledge has existed for centuries, and there was always talk of finding some better substrate than paper: H. G. Wells thought microfilm might be the key to building what he called the World Brain; Thomas Edison bet on wafer-thin slices of nickel. But for most people who were alive in the earliest days of the internet, an encyclopedia was a book, plain and simple. Back then, it made sense to pit Wikipedia and Britannica against each other. It made sense to highlight Britannica's strengthsits rigorous editing and fact-checking procedures; its roster of illustrious contributors, including three US presidents and a host of Nobel laureates, Academy Award winners, novelists, and inventorsand to question whether amateurs on the internet could create a product even half as good. Wikipedia was an unknown quantity; the name for what it did, crowdsourcing, didn't even exist until 2005, when two WIRED editors coined the word.

Wikipedia is built on the personal interests and idiosyncrasies of its contributors. You could even say it is built on love.

That same year, the journal Nature released the first major head-to-head comparison study. It revealed that, for articles on science, at least, the two resources were nearly comparable: Britannica averaged three minor mistakes per entry, while Wikipedia averaged four. (Britannica claimed almost everything about the journal's investigation was wrong and misleading, but Nature stuck by its findings.) Nine years later, a working paper from Harvard Business School found that Wikipedia was more left-leaning than Britannicamostly because the articles tended to be longer and so were likelier to contain partisan code words. But the bias came out in the wash. The more revisions a Wikipedia article had, the more neutral it became. On a per-word basis, the researchers wrote, the political bent hardly differs.

But some important differences don't readily show up in quantitative, side-by-side comparisons. For instance, there's the fact that people tend to read Wikipedia daily, whereas Britannica had the quality of fine china, as much a display object as a reference work. The edition I encountered by the roadside was in suspiciously good shape. Although the covers were a little wilted, the spines were uncracked and the pages immaculatetelltale signs of 50 years of infrequent use. And as I learned when I retrieved as many volumes as I could carry home, the contents are an antidote for anyone waxing nostalgic.

I found the articles in my '65 Britannica mostly high quality and high minded, but the tone of breezy acumen could become imprecise. The section on Brazil's education system, for instance, says it is good or bad depending on which statistics one takes and how they are interpreted. Almost all the articles are authored by white men, and some were already 30 years out of date when they were published. Noting this half-life in 1974, the critic Peter Prescott wrote that encyclopedias are like loaves of bread: the sooner used, the better, for they are growing stale before they even reach the shelf. The Britannica editors took half a century to get on board with cinema; in the 1965 edition, there is no entry on Luis Buuel, one of the fathers of modern film. You can pretty much forget about television. Lord Byron, meanwhile, commands four whole pages. (This conservative tendency wasn't limited to Britannica. Growing up, I remember reading the entry on dating in a hand-me-down World Book and being baffled by its emphasis on sharing milkshakes.)

The worthies who wrote these entries, moreover, didn't come cheap. According to an article in The Atlantic from 1974, Britannica contributors earned 10 cents per word, on averageabout 50 cents in today's money. Sometimes they got a full encyclopedia set as a bonus. They apparently didn't show much gratitude for this compensation; the editors complained of missed deadlines, petulant behavior, lazy mistakes, and outright bias. People in the arts all fancy themselves good writers, and they gave us the most difficult time, one editor told The Atlantic. At Britannica rates, the English-language version of Wikipedia would cost $1.75 billion to produce.

There was another seldom remembered limitation to these gospel tomes: They were, in a way, shrinking. The total length of paper encyclopedias remained relatively finite, but the number of facts in the universe kept growing, leading to attrition and abbreviation. It was a zero-sum game in which adding new articles meant deleting or curtailing incumbent information. Even the most noteworthy were not immune; between 1965 and 1989, Bach's Britannica entry shrank by two pages.

By the time the internet came into being, a limitless encyclopedia was not just a natural idea but an obvious one. Yet there was still a senseeven among the pioneers of the webthat, although the substrate was new, the top-down, expert-driven Britannica model should remain in place.

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Servicemaster Global (SERV) Scheduled to Post Earnings on Thursday – Enterprise Echo

Posted: February 20, 2020 at 11:42 pm

Servicemaster Global (NYSE:SERV) will release its earnings data before the market opens on Thursday, February 27th. Analysts expect Servicemaster Global to post earnings of $0.19 per share for the quarter. Persons that are interested in participating in the companys earnings conference call can do so using this link.

Servicemaster Global stock opened at $37.49 on Thursday. The company has a debt-to-equity ratio of 0.65, a current ratio of 0.93 and a quick ratio of 0.84. The business has a 50 day simple moving average of $36.88 and a 200-day simple moving average of $45.24. Servicemaster Global has a 12 month low of $33.53 and a 12 month high of $58.78. The stock has a market capitalization of $5.11 billion, a PE ratio of -53.56, a price-to-earnings-growth ratio of 1.59 and a beta of 0.49.

Several equities analysts have issued reports on the stock. Royal Bank of Canada dropped their price objective on shares of Servicemaster Global to $54.00 and set an outperform rating on the stock in a research note on Wednesday, November 6th. ValuEngine cut shares of Servicemaster Global from a buy rating to a hold rating in a research note on Tuesday, December 24th. Morgan Stanley reduced their target price on shares of Servicemaster Global from $43.00 to $41.00 and set an equal weight rating for the company in a research note on Tuesday, February 11th. Bank of America lowered their target price on shares of Servicemaster Global from $50.00 to $42.00 and set an underperform rating on the stock in a report on Wednesday, October 23rd. Finally, Buckingham Research reiterated a neutral rating and set a $45.00 price target (down from $61.00) on shares of Servicemaster Global in a research note on Friday, October 25th. One analyst has rated the stock with a sell rating, four have assigned a hold rating and five have issued a buy rating to the stock. The stock presently has an average rating of Hold and a consensus target price of $50.44.

ServiceMaster Global Holdings, Inc provides services to residential and commercial customers in the termite, pest control, cleaning, and restoration markets in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The company operates through two segments, Terminix and ServiceMaster Brands. The Terminix segment offers termite and pest control services, including termite remediation, annual termite inspection, and prevention treatments with damage claim guarantees, periodic pest control services, insulation services, mosquito control, crawlspace encapsulation, and wildlife exclusion.

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Servicemaster Global (SERV) Scheduled to Post Earnings on Thursday - Enterprise Echo

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