Click Free Pest Control Quote
to fill in a form to obtain a free pest control quote today.
Termites have been munching away on wood for more than250 million years, long before people started building their homes from trees. Termites recycle wood products intothe soilby feeding on and breaking down cellulose, the main component of the cell walls in plants. Most of the 2,200 or so species of termites live in the tropics.
Most termite damage is caused by subterranean (underground) termites, members of the family Rhinotermitidae. Subterranean termite nests usually contact the soil, thus the name subterranean. Among these ground-dwelling termites, the most common structural pests are the eastern, western, and Formosan subterranean termites. They will eat your framing starting at the bottom of the house and like softwoods.
Other termites that cause structural damage include thedrywoodtermites (family Kalotermitidae) and thedampwoodtermites (family Termopsidae). Drywood termites enter at the roofline and damp wood termites like basements and bathrooms or where water leaks occur.
If you suspect you have a termite problem, your first step is to confirm that the pests are, indeed, termites. Some people mistake termites for ants.So what do termites look like?
Winged ants look quite similar to termites; as a result, quite a few people confuse the two. This is especially the case when comparing winged ants to termites. Here’s how to tell them apart:
Because termites eat wood from the inside out, you probably won’t find them until your home is infested, and you’re more likely to see signs of damage than the bugs themselves. Look for:
If you find signs of termites, you can treat the infestation yourself or call local pest control professionals.If you choose to do it yourself, you’ll need to first find the location where they have been eating (the “termite gallery”) and attack the site, applying the insecticide. Outside you will place baiting stations or treat soil to kill the remaining insects, as done in the prevention section below.
Methods of prevention include digging a trench and spraying an insecticide into the ground to repel them or a “nonrepellant” barrier that they bring back to their nest to kill the rest. It’s a labor-intensive process but can last for five to 10 years if left undisturbed.
Bait stations aren’t labor intensive but must be checked every few months. They need to be dug down 8 to 10 inches and placed every 8 to 10 feet. First, they’re loaded with “prebait” and then, after the activity is detected, the actual poisonous bait.
If you live in areas where termite infestations are common, it’s important to inspect your home (or have it inspected by a professional) regularly for possible termite infestations. Catching termites early can save you costly home repairs.
Eastern Subterranean Termites
The termites pictured here are soldiers of the native eastern subterranean termites. Swarmers of this species are about 3/8 inch long. Notice their rectangular-shaped heads, which can help you distinguish this species from other termites. Eastern subterranean termite soldiers also have powerful mandibles (the brown jaws protruding from their heads) with which they defend their colony.
Eastern subterranean termites live in moist, dark places. They feed on structural wood, eating out the middle of beams and leaving thin shells behind. As a result, it can be hard to see these termites; by the time many homeownersnotice an infestation, the damage has been done.
This Formosan subterranean termite soldier measures about 1/2 inch long. Itshead is darker and oval in shape; it has a rounded abdomen, a thick waist, straight antennae, and no eyes. Like the eastern subterranean soldiers, Formosan soldiers have powerful jaws to defend their colonies.
As one of the most destructive termite species in the United States, Formosan termites are a major concern. They can multiply and destroy wood structures faster than other native subterranean species. This is the case not because they actually eat faster than other termites, but because their nests are so big. In fact, Formosan termite nests can actually contain millions of termites.
Formosan termites were spread by marine commerceand now cause millions of dollars of structural damage in the southeastern United States, California, and Hawaii each year.
Drywood termites live in smaller colonies than their subterranean cousins. They nest and feed in dry, sound wood, making them a significant pest of wood-frame homes. Many species of drywoodtermites live in the southern half of the United States, with a range extending from California to North Carolina and southward. Most are 1/4 to 3/8 inches long.
One way to distinguish drywood termites from subterranean termites is to examine their waste. Drywood termites produce dry fecal pellets which they expel from their nests through small holes in the wood. Look for accumulations of these dry fecal pellets. Subterranean termite feces is a liquid, by comparison.
Like most termites, drywood termites eat structural wood from the inside out, leaving a brittle shell. Unlike some other types of termites, however, they don’t need access to damp conditions.
The reproductive termites, called alates, look quite different from workers or soldiers. Reproductives have one pair of wings of almost equal length, which lie flat against the termite’s back when it is at rest. Their bodies are darker in color than soldiers or workers, and alates do have functional compound eyes.
You can still distinguish reproductive termites from reproductive ants, which also have wings, by looking at their bodies. The termite alates still have the characteristic straight antennae, rounded abdomens, and thick waists. Ants, in contrast, have markedly elbowed antennae, prominent waists, and slightly pointed abdomens.
Eastern subterranean termites usually swarm during the daytime, between February and April. Winged queens and kings emerge en masse, ready to mate and start new colonies. Their bodies are dark brown or black. If you find groups of winged termites inside your home, you probably already have a termite infestation.
Formosian Winged Termites
Unlike native subterranean termites, which swarm during the day, Formosan termites typically swarm from dusk until midnight. They also swarm later in the season than most other termites, usually between April and June.
If you compare these Formosan alates to the eastern subterranean reproductives on the previous image, you’ll notice the Formosan termites are lighter in color. Their bodies are a yellowish-brown, and their wings have a smoky color to them. Formosan termites are also noticeably larger than our native termites.
The termite queen looks quite different from the workers or soldiers. She barely resembles an insect at all, with her expansive stomach full of eggs. Termite queens have a physogastric stomach, with a membrane that expands as her egg-laying capacity increases with age. Depending on the species of termite, the queen may lay hundreds or sometimes thousands of eggs per day. Termite queens live extraordinarily long lives; a lifespan of 15 to 30 years or more is not uncommon.
Termites can do extensive damage inside walls and floors without detection. It’s clear that termites have been feeding on this wall for quite some time. If you see sawdust at the base of a wall, it’s time to look inside.
Originally posted here:
What Do Termites Look Like? Signs of Termite Damage
- April showers bring May termites - tallahassee.com - April 21st, 2019
- What Do You Do if You See a Termite Swarm? - April 21st, 2019
- Subterranean Termites: Treatment & Control - Get Rid of ... - April 2nd, 2019
- 7 Signs You May Have Termites | Ehrlich Pest Control - March 24th, 2019
- Termites | Mississippi State University Extension Service - March 24th, 2019
- Everything You Should Know About Flying Termites | Western ... - March 24th, 2019
- Keep Termites Out and Know the Sure Signs of an Infestation - March 13th, 2019
- What should you do if you see termite swarmers? | Palmetto ... - March 2nd, 2019
- Termites: Beneficial Insects - Natural Organic Biological ... - March 2nd, 2019
- The 10 Best Termite Companies in Temecula, CA (with Free ... - March 2nd, 2019
- Termites - Havasu - March 2nd, 2019
- How to get rid of termites: 7 best termite killers in 2019 - March 2nd, 2019
- What you need to know about Termite Swarms - Turner Pest Control - March 2nd, 2019
- How to Identify Drywood Termite Droppings | Thrasher Termite ... - March 2nd, 2019
- The Termites - Costa Rica - March 2nd, 2019
- How to Kill Termites Naturally - Keep Bugs Away - March 2nd, 2019
- Drywood Termite Treatment: Get Rid of Drywood Termites - February 28th, 2019
- How do tiny termites make such massive mounds? - February 15th, 2019
- Flying Ants vs. Termites, Termite or Ant? - Orkin.com - February 3rd, 2019
- Signs of Termite Damage | Ehrlich Pest Control - January 31st, 2019
- Termite (Isoptera) - Animals - A-Z Animals - January 31st, 2019
- The Truth About the "Termites" | Psychology Today - December 28th, 2018
- Signs of Termite Damage|Termite Damage|Truly Nolen - November 1st, 2018
- Pictures of Termites | Ehrlich Pest Control - October 31st, 2018
- Termite Control - The Home Depot - October 31st, 2018
- How to Spot Termites: Termite Identification Pictures - October 31st, 2018
- Subterranean Termites Control | Do My Own Pest Control - October 15th, 2018
- Termites - Biology and Control - Browse Popular Publications - September 6th, 2018
- Termites Pest Control Information Perth - August 6th, 2018
- Termites - Nozzle Nolen - July 16th, 2018
- Termite - Field Guide to Common Texas Insects - June 17th, 2018
- Termite Facts for Kids: Termite Information for Students - May 26th, 2018
- What Do Termites Look Like? Termite Identification - April 26th, 2018
- Termite Pictures: Photo Gallery with Images - April 21st, 2018
- Best 17 Termite Control in Fordyce, AR with Reviews - YP.com - March 4th, 2018
- Termites in Southwest Florida | Lenny's Bug Blog - February 28th, 2018
- End Of Termites | Terminator The best anti-termite ... - February 14th, 2018
- How to Get Rid of Termites - Pest Control Products - February 9th, 2018
- Termites - All About Termites - domyown.com - February 6th, 2018
- Termites | Dreamworks Animation Wiki | FANDOM powered by Wikia - February 3rd, 2018
- How to Treat Termites on Trees | Home Guides | SF Gate - February 3rd, 2018
- Prevent and Treat Termites to Avoid Damage to a House ... - January 21st, 2018
- Termites in Pennsylvania - Philadelphia, Pittsburgh ... - January 5th, 2018
- Termites in Potted Plants | Home Guides | SF Gate - January 3rd, 2018
- Subterranean Termites - extension2.missouri.edu - December 29th, 2017
- What Kinds of Termites do we Have in Georgia? - December 27th, 2017
- Signs of Termites: How to Detect Termite Evidence - December 17th, 2017
- What Are Termites? - December 15th, 2017
- Lewis Terman - Wikipedia - December 4th, 2017
- Termite Facts - Softschools.com - December 3rd, 2017
- Termites | Horticulture and Home Pest News - December 3rd, 2017
- Termite Facts for Kids - December 3rd, 2017
- Are Termites Harmful to Humans? | Termite Treatment And ... - December 3rd, 2017
- Termite Identification | Termite Control DC, MD And Northern ... - November 26th, 2017
- What "Wood" a Termite Prefer To Eat? - November 25th, 2017
- Termites - All About Termites - DoMyOwnPestControl.com - November 25th, 2017
- Termite Inspection | Truly Nolen - November 24th, 2017
- Best 30 Termite Control in Villas, NJ with Reviews - YP.com - November 18th, 2017
- What Do Termites Look Like Exactly? Find Out How! - November 17th, 2017
- Subterranean Termites - How To Kill and Get Rid of ... - November 17th, 2017
- The Signs of Termite Infestation - Florida Pest Control - November 17th, 2017
- 9 Signs of Termites Infestation | Kill Termites Guide - November 17th, 2017
- Termite Control Cost Muskegon MI - Pest Control - ESFS - November 16th, 2017
- 4 Best Termite Control, Inspection Services - Waterbury CT ... - November 4th, 2017
- 3 Ways to Protect Your Home from Termites - wikiHow - October 16th, 2017
- How to Kill Termites: Best Ways to Get Rid of Termites ... - October 7th, 2017
- Termite Fast Facts: What You Need To Know - The Spruce - October 1st, 2017
- Formosan Termites - How to Kill and Get Rid of Formosan Termites - September 23rd, 2017
- Giving air to earthworms and termites - Farm Weekly - September 6th, 2017
- Meet the 'Terminator' of sanitary waste - Oherald - September 2nd, 2017
- UCA bear battling termites; options studied - Arkansas Online - August 31st, 2017
- Four hidden threats many homeowners miss - KTAR.com - August 31st, 2017
- Tracking Guelph's 2017 termite zones - GuelphMercury.com - August 31st, 2017
- How To: Get Rid of Flying Ants - BobVila.com - August 31st, 2017
- Termites nibbling away at Bismillah Khan's citations | Varanasi ... - Times of India - August 29th, 2017
- Alan Root, Oft-Bitten Wildlife Filmmaker, Dies at 80 - New York Times - August 29th, 2017
- Termites eat into village, locals flee - Times of India - August 28th, 2017
- Termite outbreak empties out Almora village - Times of India - August 27th, 2017
- Faith Lift: Termites - The Baytown Sun - August 26th, 2017
- Termites Springfield VA | Termite Control & Treatment - August 26th, 2017
Click Free Exterminator Quote
to fill in a form to obtain a free exterminator quote today.