NYC Termite Pest Control Extermination Operators, Inspection, Fumigation and Treatment


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Pest Control Pest Management and Termite Inspection …

Posted: December 16, 2017 at 10:43 am

Motosure

Motosure is a trading name of Wallace Risk Solutions Pty Ltd (WRS) AFSL 353275 ABN 93 130 907 253. WRS acts on your behalf and not the insurer. WRS is remunerated by way of commission and/or fees which is detailed on all invoices.

Tailored Underwriting is a division of Cerberos Brokers Pty Ltd ABN 61 106 769 886, AFSL 260668. Tailored Underwriting arrange policies for and on behalf of Underwriters at Lloyds and Berkley Insurance Company and actsacting under a binding authoritiesy given to it by the insurers to administer and issue policies, alterations and renewals. In all aspects of this policy Tailored Underwriting acts on behalf of the insurers and not for you. Tailored Underwriting are not the insurer for this contract and they are not liable for any loss or claim. The Underwriters Insurers are clearly shown on the Schedule

Before you enter into an insurance contract with us, the Insurance Contracts Act 1984 requires you to provide us with the information we need to enable us to decide whether and on what terms your proposal for insurance is acceptable and to calculate how much premium is required for your insurance.

The Act imposes a different duty the first time you enter into the policy with Us to that which applies when You vary, renew, extend, reinstate or replace Your policy. We set these duties out below.

You will be asked various questions when you first apply for this policy. When you answer these questions, you must:

If You renew, vary, extend, reinstate or replace the policy Your duty is to tell Us before the renewal, variation, extension, reinstatement or replacement is made, every matter which:

You do not need to tell Us about any matter:

If you do not comply with the relevant duty, we may cancel the policy or reduce the amount we pay if you make a claim. If fraud is involved we may treatthe policy as if it never existed and pay nothing.

If you misrepresented any fact to us before the insurance contract was entered into, and if we would not have entered into your insurance contract for the same premium and on the same terms and conditions shown on your Policy Schedule but for the failure to disclose or the misrepresentations;Then our ability in respect of any claim may be reduced to an amount which would place us in the position in which we would have been but for your failure to disclose or your misrepresentation. however, if the non-disclosure or misrepresentation was fraudulent, we may avoid your contract altogether.

Advise us immediately of any change to the risk of your circumstances e.g. change of vehicle, drivers, location, modification, accessories, licensing conditions, etc.

You may return this policy to us within 14 days of the date we enter into it provided that no right or power under the policy has been exercised (eg. No claim has been made). When you return it within the above 14 day period we will cancel the policy and give you a full refund of premiums paid. Please note that you still havecancellation rights that you can use after this period expires.

After cancellation and subject to your cooling off period rights we will keep the premium for the period that your policy was in force in accordance with the short rate table detailed in the policy.

We are committed to protecting your privacy in accordance with 10 National Privacy Principles. To enable us to provide our services to you, we collect your information and disclose it to third parties, such as insurers, premium funding companies, banks, claims assessors. To enable us to maintain correct records, please inform us of any changes as they occur. You have the right to request access to, and correct any of your personal information that we may retain, subject to law.Further details about how we collect, manage and use your personal information, can be viewed in each Product Disclosure Statement or our Privacy Policy (located on our website). You can also call us for a copy.

If you have any complaints about how we handle your personal information or about our service or advice, please let us know. We have internal dispute resolution procedures in place and abide by the Insurance Brokers Code of Practice and subscribe to the Insurance Brokers Disputes Limited, an external dispute resolution facility for insurance brokers and consumers.As agent to insurer/s, any complaint about policies and associated services may also be handled under the relevant insurers internal dispute resolution procedures, and the external dispute facility for insurers and consumers, the Financial Ombudsman Service. We also abide by the General Insurance Code of Practice which can by viewed at http://www.ica.com.au. Further details can be viewed in each Product Disclosure Statement and our Complaints and Disputes Policy, both located on our website. You can also call us or the insurer/s for a copy of the relevant Complaints Policy

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What Are Termites?

Posted: December 15, 2017 at 8:42 am

What is a termite? A termite is best described as a wood destroying insect. They are sometimes are mistakenly referred to as white ants, but they are far from it. There are three different types of termites which are damp wood, dry wood, and subterranean. Damp wood termites generally tend to live in areas that are heavily forested, where as dry wood termites live in really dry wood and are much more rare in the United States. Subterranean are the most destructive of termites and they require a moist environment and are usually found living in the soil. Termites do an estimated five billion dollars in damage each year, but termites can be controlled.

Termites usually come out in early spring and can sometimes be seen as a swarm of what looks like flying ants. If you think your home may have become victim to a nest of termites here are some tell tale signs of an infestation. Soft wood is a good indication that you may have a termite problem. Another indication of a termite infestation is the presence of mud tubes around the exterior or interior of your house, most likely near the foundation. Dark or blistered wood structures may also be an indication of a termite problem. If you have any of these tell tale signs, you may want to call an exterminator to come check things out.

If you do have a termite problem you should not try to fix it on your own. Most of the time home owners cannot get rid of termites without professional help. Pest control teams have the proper chemicals and equipment to destroy termite infestations as safely as possible. They can also ensure that the problem truly is gone and all the termites are dead.

You can, however, take certain steps to help prevent the infestation of termites in your own home. The most important thing you need to do is remove the good conditions that termites love to find themselves living. The subterranean termites love moisture so try and avoid moisture build up around your home. Make sure all outside faucets are shut off tightly and are not dripping. If you can prevent the dripping then you can prevent the moisture build up that termites love. You can also prevent termites by making sure that your rain run off is properly sealed. If the gutter is uncluttered it will divert the water to the ground below where you should have a cement spot for the water to stay while it evaporates. This will also prevent the moisture that can gather near the foundation of your house.

If you own an older home make sure that any wood near the foundation of your home is replaced. There may have been previous infestations before you moved in and if you have the most updated equipment the less likely termites are to come find it. Another way to prevent termites is to have all tree stubs removed and make sure your bushes and any shrubbery is a good few feet away from your house.

Termites may seem like a big scary thing to deal with, but really they are not. If you can prevent them before they come then great, if not then get someone out as soon as you see some of the warning signs.

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What Are Termites?

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Top Three Termite Treatment Methods – HomeTeam Pest Defense

Posted: at 8:41 am

Termites can cause irreparable damage to homes and can affect the integrity and structure of your house. If you discover termites or suspect you have termites, its important to contact a professional pest control company immediately. A professional pest control company will be able to assess the situation, and recommend and administer the appropriate termite treatment. There are three standard methods of treatment for termites:

1. Soil Treatment: Since subterranean termites live in the soil, termite treatments are used on the surrounding soil to act as a treatment barrier. First, a trench is dug around the foundation, and the soil is treated with a termiticide. The trench is then refilled. This type of treatment helps prevent future termite infestations, and kills any termites in the house as they to return to the soil to nest.

2. Wood Treatment: Pest control professionals can use a variety of different wood treatments to help kill any existing termite colonies and prevent future ones from spouting up. Wood treatments include surface sprays, injected sprays and foams, and Borate treated wood. Pest control professionals use borate wood treatments to prevent termite infestations and eliminate any existing termites in homes. Wood treatments include surface applications during the construction phase of home building and wood injections and foams after a home is built.

3. Bait Systems: Bait termite treatment systems are an effective way of destroying termite colonies. A pest control professional will install bait stations around the perimeter of the home and monitor the stations on a set frequency ensuring a home is protected from future and any current infestations. This termite infestation treatment effectively eliminates termites.

These are just a few ways of effectively protecting your home from termites and preventing further damage to your homes structure. For more information on the different types of termite treatments, or if you think you may have a termite problem, contact HomeTeam Pest Defense today to schedule an assessment of your home.

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Termite Treatments Process | Raleigh, Cary, Wake Forest NC

Posted: at 8:41 am

Dealing with termites can be a scary process for a homeowner or future home buyer. It is highly encouraged to be proactive against any sign of termites and preventing them in the future, for the sake of your home and its market value. According to the National Pest Management Association, termites alone cause over $5 billion in damage annually. In fact, termites are so common in NC, sometimes its not a matter of if youll be faced with termites, its when. Termites can be found not far from your home in fallen trees, branches and even your own wooden garden borders. Yes, theyre everywhere. As a homeowner, you owe it to yourself to develop a healthy pro-active approach to making sure you dont lose control of your homes value.

Heres how to get started:

Your homes foundation and crawlspace need to be assessed to determine if termites have already taken up residence. You can have a professional take a look, or you can give it a try yourself.

When choosing our free inspection option, our inspectors will completely inspect your crawlspaces and structural foundation inside/outside your home or business. The termite inspector knows precisely what to look for and will determine the severity of your termite problem, if you have one. Our inspectors will also identify problematic situations that might simply be suitable for termites and pose an issue down the road.

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Once youve had a termite inspection performed, at this point youll know if you currently have a termite problem or not. Youll either want to be treating for existing termites, repairing damage and preventing further damage; or potentially preventing termites from making their way in to begin with. Even after an inspection, its possible that termites may still exist. Approximately 1/3 of a home structure can be visually inspected, leaving many hidden spots where termites can be traveling.

Treating for Existing Termites: If youve discovered you have termites, its highly recommended you treat for them ASAP. Termites are always on the move and almost always destroying. It is highly recommended that you do not try Do It Yourself termite control with many reasons.

After considering our 6 reasons why you should not DIY Termite Control, we recommend our highly effective termite treatment plan. Call The Neuse Termite and Pest Control at (919) 553-9888 to setup the following termite treatment that follows along a very well practiced process by our termite technicians.

A termite treatment is an event that consists of several different application techniques depending on the construction type of the structure being treated. The goal is to apply a liquid termiticide to the soil along all foundation elements like foundation walls and piers so that subterranean termites that attempt to enter the structure will come in direct contact with the treated soil. The treatment will include but is not limited to: where soil is available along foundation walls, a small trench will be created to keep the applied liquid in place while it soaks into the soil. Where slabs like garages and patios prevent trenching, a hole will be drilled every 12 inches to apply the liquid to the soil below the slab. Areas of the structure that have active termite will require the drilling of hidden voids within foundation elements like cinder block voids or voids created by multiple masonry wall construction.

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Call To Schedule>>Treating for Termite Prevention: The same application and termiticides described above would also be used for a prevention plan. When searching for prevention options, homeowners will be faced with alternatives including baiting systems. At The Neuse Termite and Pest Control, we dont do or believe in baiting as a standalone treatment. The best preventative is to apply the termiticide at all foundation elements. Foundation elements like walls and piers are where the termites will have to come up so they have a structure to build their tubes against. Baiting can work but it requires a lot more labor and its entirely possible that they find the bait station but are still feeding on the home at the same time. Baiting can also take several months to suppress or eliminate the colony, all the while they are damaging the structure.

Instead of baiting systems, we would still recommend a liquid termiticide treatment plan for termite prevention. The active ingredient in termiticide can remain active for 5-15 years, which makes a termite treatment an affordable ongoing option considering the biggest bait station is essentially the home.

After your initial inspection and termite treatment options are complete, dont rule out the option of a quarterly pest control plan. At The Neuse Termite and Pest Control, we offer a quarterly plan for only $75/qtr. This is the best way to rest easy regarding pests in your home. Well create a home barrier for most pests and also keep an eye out for termites and other pests, ready to either take them on, or recommend a solid plan of action.

The Neuse Termite and Pest Control proudly serves the triangle region, treating homes and businesses for termites and other pests including ants, spiders, roaches, mosquitoes, fleas, ticks and bedbugs. We cover triangle areas including Raleigh, Cary, Durham, Wake Forest, Knightdale, Garner, Clayton and Fayetteville. Call us today to schedule a treatment, inspection or to sign up for our $75 quarterly pest control plan.

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Termite Exterminator & Preventative Inspections | San Jose …

Posted: December 12, 2017 at 11:48 pm

Termites need to be nipped in the bud right away by a termite exterminator before any damage starts. Avoid moisture accumulation near the foundation of your home, which provides the water needed for termite survival and growth. Divert any rain water away from your homes foundation with properly functioning downspouts or gutters. Soil needs to be sloped away from the foundation in order to allow any surface water to drain out and away from the building.

Any cellulose (such as wood, mulch, paper, etc.) that is in direct contact with soil, will provide termites with a ready and unobstructed access to food. Its important to eliminate any contact between the wooden parts of your homes foundation, and the soil. You want to maintain a minimum of 6 inches between the soil and porch steps, latticework, door and window frames, garage doors, etc. Never stack or store firewood or any other wood materials against the foundation of one of your buildings or within their crawl spaces.

Youll also want to prevent trellises with vines, or other living plant life from touching the house. Before and during construction, never bury your wood scraps or waste lumber on your property as fill, especially near any buildings. Be sure to remove future food sources by making sure all left-over wood scraps used during construction are disposed of properly. Remove any old tree stumps and roots near the foundation of a building. Avoid or minimize the use of wood mulches next to the foundation of your home.

Conventional soil treatments by a termite exterminator, traditionally rely on creating a chemical barrier in the soil thats toxic to any termites contacting it. To achieve termite control for long periods of time, apply as a continuous barrier within the soil next to, and under the foundation. Termiticides can be applied during the construction of a building or house to detour and prevent a termite infestation.

Some ways to keep termites out do not involve the application of insecticides. For example:

Because these methods do not involve the application of an insecticide, the EPA does not regulate the termite exterminator or use of them.

Before a company can sell or distribute any pesticide in the United States, other than certain minimum risk pesticides, EPA must review studies on the pesticide to determine that it will not pose unreasonable risks to human health or the environment. Once we have made that determination, we will license or register that pesticide for use in strict accordance with label directions. The pesticides used by a termite exterminator for the prevention or treatment of termite infestations are called termiticides and must demonstrate the ability to provide structural protection before we register them. In most cases, termiticide application can only be properly performed by a trained pest control professional.

Approved termite treatment include:

Two common forms of treatment are conventional barrier treatments and termite baits.

The most common technique for treating termite infestations is the soil-applied barrier treatment. Termiticides used for barrier treatments must be specifically labeled for that use.

If conducted improperly, these treatments can cause contamination of the home and surrounding drinking water wells and will not protect against termites. For that reason, it is important to hire a pest control professional who is licensed and trained to take proper precautions. The most common active ingredients found in conventional termiticides are:

In recent years, several bait systems have been introduced to help reduce the overall use of insecticides and their impact on human health and the environment. These termite baiting systems rely on cellulose baits that contain a slow-acting insecticide.

The most common active ingredients found in termite exterminator baits are:

As the federal agency responsible for regulating all pesticides, including termiticides, sold, applied, or distributed in the United States, EPA must ensure that the pesticide, when used according to label directions, meets current safety standards to protect human health and the environment. To make such determinations, they require more than 100 different scientific studies and tests from applicants. Most states also review the pesticide label to ensure that it complies with federal labeling requirements and any additional state restrictions of use.

Many termiticides are highly toxic, making it critical to follow label directions with added care or hire a termite exterminator. San Jose pest control professionals have the knowledge, expertise, and equipment as required, which minimizes risks and maximizes effectiveness.

You can use all the tools available to atermite exterminator and sometimes they still just find a way in. This is when talking to a professional termite exterminator about steps you can take with your property to avoid termite infestations. If you find out that you do have termites, call a San Jose Pest Control Termite Exterminator. Termites will penetrate some barriers, but the more modern treatments have proven to work more effectively. Theres many different types of treatments, because there are many different types of termites.

You will need to have a termite inspection done to identify the type of termite. You will then be advised of what type of treatment would be best for your problem, location, and situation.

Most termites live in large colonies that could contain hundreds of thousands of individuals or more. Some types must have plenty of moisture to survive. A termite colony has workers, soldiers, and reproducers. Some of them will look a bit different from others, so its important to find out exactly what kind of termite infestation youre dealing with. A professional termite exterminator can do the assessment as part of your termite inspection.

If you are seeing termites any where near your home or business, call a San Jose Termite Exterminator!

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Understanding Tent Fumigation | Command Pest Control

Posted: December 7, 2017 at 4:41 pm

Termites are not a threat to your person or your family, however,can cause catastrophic damage to your home, backyard shed, or office building. The threat and existence of termites increases in warmer climates; however, there are some species of termites that are found all over the United States. The tiny ant-like creatures can cause some serious damage to furniture, insulation, and much more.

The best way to get rid of termites is to prevent them from forming cultures by having an annual inspection of your home performed by a licensed pest control expert. Most companies offer a free inspection service or consultation to determine if your home or office is infested with termites. For companies that do not offer free consultations you can expect to pay between $100-$200 depending on the size and structure of your home. However, if there is already an infestation flourishing inside your home then the fastest and most effective way is to fumigate your entire home.

There will be many visible signs indicating a termite infestation if you happen to notice any of these signs, then it may be high-time that you called for a professional termite inspection.

Fumigation is just one of the many ways that termites are exterminated In addition to fumigation termite treatment includes the use of chemicals, baiting method, heat, microwave, and electricity. The cost of exterminating varies according to the method used, the access, and the area of the structure.

Although the fumigation method could be expensive, the comprehensive process covers all areas and is the most effective way to terminate termites. The process involves sealing your home and sending toxic gas into the entire sealed area. It is kept there to permeate into the wood and other treated structures for approximately 2-5 days. When your home is opened thereafter, the air is tested to be positively toxin-free and you will then be allowed to enter a termite-free home.

The termite fumigation costs depend on the area of your home and additional areas such as decks or tree houses that will also need treatment. A typical cost for tent fumigation for a single familyhome of up to 1,250-square foot is approximately$1,200-$2,500 and for a larger home of up to2,500-square foot area, the tent fumigation cost canfall between $2,200-$3,800.

Tent fumigation is acomprehensive procedure. Choose a reliable exterminator who is licensed, certified, and follows all the safety precautions involved in the process of fumigating your home. The exterminator will alsoput up warning sign posts to safeguard your home and your neighbors.

Its a good idea to be wary of exterminators who show up at your doorstep, unannounced, offering up a free inspection. It is wise to look up exterminators based on references from friends and family or through a Google search first.

Check the total experience of the company, their training methods, certifications, number of employees, and their guarantee terms on the fumigationprocess. Get a written statement on the process and understand all the steps before it begins.

Before the process of fumigation begins, you will be required to remove all living creatures from your home including your family, pets, and plants; edible items such as food and medicines need to be taken out as well. Gas pipes turned off.

Look on the bright side. You can take advantage of this time away from home to check into a hotel for a well-deserved break and let other people take care of laundry, food and cleaning for a change. Once your home is ready for rehabilitation, you could hire a professional cleaning service to get your house back into shipshape.

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Understanding Tent Fumigation | Command Pest Control

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Fumigations – Summit Termite & Pest Control

Posted: at 4:41 pm

Insects that feed or tunnel into wood can seriously damage houses, apartments and other dwellings or structures. Every year, termites damage approximately two million homes. Depending on the extent or location of the infestation, fumigation is the only total control method proven to eliminate certain infestations of wood destroying insects.

Vikane gas is used when fumigating, so the structure being fumigated will be completely sealed with a tarp prior to fumigation. This will contain the Vikane gas in the building so it can fully penetrate the wood, and eliminate termites.

After the tarp is removed, a licensed professional fumigator will open doors and windows to air out the structure. After the structure has been thoroughly aerated, the fumigator will measure the level of gas remaining in the structure to ensure its safe for re-entry. Your building will not be cleared for re-occupancyuntil it is safe to re-enter. The fumigator will post a notice on your building indicating the day and time for re-entry. Because Vikane is a true gas and not a vapor, dissipation is rapid. Studies demonstrate that in most structures levels are less than 1 part per million within 6 hours of clearing and have no detectable levels of Vikane within 24 hours after the start of aeration.

After the fumigation, Southern California Gas Company will need to restore your gas service. Please contact them in advance to setup an appointment to turn your gas back on. Their number is 800-427-2200.

If you have any questions regarding fumigation, please feel free to give us a call! 805-480-3648

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Fumigations – Summit Termite & Pest Control

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Fumigation Services & Tenting | Call PestMax at (239) 454-4888

Posted: at 4:41 pm

PestMax pest control technicians are skilled and experienced in the fumigation process to effectively eliminate pests and rodents from your home. Fumigating your home begins with your home being covered or tented to create a sealed environment. Having your home completely sealed will ensure that the pesticides released will stay in your home and not affect the outside surrounding area. The fumigant is released into your home for a specific amount of time to ensure that all insects, pests and or rodents are killed. After the tenting process, your home is ventilated so that poisonous gasses are allowed to escape from the space, making it completely safe for humans to enter. The fumigation process will leave your home safe and pest free. Contact us today for more information!

PestMax offers extremely competitive prices for fumigation and tenting. It is our personal guarantee that you will be 100% satisfied with the service you receive, the results from our service and the price that you pay. Fumigation is the most effective pest control method to remove large infestations of termites, bed bugs, cockroaches and rodents. We have an entire team of trained staff members to implement our fumigation services: we do not outsource our fumigation services to other companies for service implementation. Our technicians are trained to take proper care of your roof tiles and other sensitive building materials during tenting. You will not regret hiring PestMax to take care of your fumigation and tenting service.

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Fumigation Services & Tenting | Call PestMax at (239) 454-4888

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Exterminator When is Fumigation Necessary?

Posted: at 4:41 pm

Fumigation has long been a staple of the pest control industry.

No one wants to have their home fumigated but in some particularly devastating cases of infestation, fumigating the entire property may be necessary. Depending on the species of pest, different chemicals may be used to fumigate. Nearly all pesticides used in fumigation are hazardous to humans and animals, though, so its imperative you never attempt to fumigate your property without a licensed extermination professionals assistance.

Step 1: The area to be treated is covered with tarp (known as tenting) then all ventilation holes and slats are taped shut to ensure the fumigation chemicals are trapped inside.

Step 2: After all humans and animals have exited, pesticide vapors are pumped into the tent structure where they seep into wood, upholstry, and all elements of the structure to kill hard-to-reach pests.

Step 3: The chemicals are allowed to steep for a set period of time, usually between 24-72 hours, then the area is de-fumigated and the tent is removed.

Step 4: A pest control professional will manually check all areas of concern in the property to ensure the pest infestation is under control. Continued follow-up spot treatments may be necessary.

A vast majority of fumigation cases within the U.S. are due to the presence of drywood termites. Drywood termites can live for years in and survive off a wide range of organic material including cloth, drywall, and even flooring. Theyre often brought into the home in a piece of furniture or clothing and set up shop for months before theyre ever detected. They are extremely difficult to remove without fumigation.

There are several other common species that also may require fumigation. Some beetle species, particularly the powderpost beetle, feed off wood and can burrow deep into a homes infrastructure making them nearly impossible to spot treat. In some extreme cases, tenting and fumigation has been used to combat a dangerous bed bug infestation as well.

Your pest control professional will give you more information on the likelihood of fumigation for your property and your available options. Some home and business owners simply dont want to fumigate their homes and in some cases a multitude of professional visits may be able to control the pest issue.

Fumigation is certainly controversial due to the large amount of lethal chemicals used. Each pest company uses a different blend of pesticides but the age-old standby for fumigation, Methyl bromide, has largely been phased out of the industry due to its effect on the atmosphere. Its important to remember that fumigation can kill pets, plants, and even contaminate open food in your home or structure so its critical to follow the advisement of your exterminator to the letter before considering treatment.

Call a pest professional today to find out if fumigation is right for your infestation, and what your risks may be. The practice is often referred to as a last-ditch effort but in many cases, its a necessary part of total pest control.

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Exterminator When is Fumigation Necessary?

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Lewis Terman – Wikipedia

Posted: December 4, 2017 at 11:42 pm

Lewis Madison Terman (January 15, 1877 December 21, 1956) was an American psychologist and author. He was noted as a pioneer in educational psychology in the early 20th century at the Stanford Graduate School of Education. He is best known for his revision of the Stanford-Binet IQ test and for initiating the longitudinal study of children with high IQs called the Genetic Studies of Genius.[1] He was a prominent eugenicist and was a member of the Human Betterment Foundation. He also served as president of the American Psychological Association. A Review of General Psychology survey, published in 2002, ranked Terman as the 72nd most cited psychologist of the 20th century, in a tie with G. Stanley Hall.[2]

Terman received a B.S., B.Pd. (Bachelor of Pedagogy), and B.A. from Central Normal College in 1894 and 1898, and a B.A. and M.A. from the Indiana University Bloomington in 1903. He received his Ph.D. from Clark University in 1905.

He worked as a school principal in San Bernardino, California in 1905, and as a professor at Los Angeles Normal School in 1907. In 1910 he joined the faculty of Stanford University as a professor of educational psychology at the invitation of Ellwood Patterson Cubberley and remained associated with the university until his death. He served as chairman of the psychology department from 1922 to 1945.

His son Frederick Terman is widely credited (together with William Shockley) with being the father of Silicon Valley.[3]

Terman published the Stanford Revision of the Binet-Simon Scale in 1916 and revisions were released in 1937 and 1960.[4] Original work on the test had been completed by Alfred Binet and Thodore Simon of France. Terman promoted his test the “Stanford-Binet” as an aid for the classification of developmentally disabled children. Early on, Terman adopted William Stern’s suggestion that mental age/chronological age times 100 be made the intelligence quotient or IQ. Later revisions adopted the Wechsler cohort-norming of IQ.

Revisions (mostly recently the fifth) of the Stanford-Binet remain in widespread use as a measure of general intelligence for both adults and for children.

The first mass administration of IQ testing was done with 1.7 million soldiers during World War I, when Terman served in a psychological testing role with the United States military. Terman was able to work with other applied psychologists to categorize army recruits. The recruits were given group intelligence tests which took about an hour to administer. Testing options included Army alpha, a text-based test, and Army beta, a picture-based test for nonreaders. 25% could not complete the Alpha test.[5] The examiners scored the tests on a scale ranging from “A” through “E”.

Recruits who earned scores of “A” would be trained as officers while those who earned scores of “D” and “E” would never receive officer training. The work of psychologists during the war proved to Americans that intelligence tests could have broader utility. After the war Terman and his colleagues pressed for intelligence tests to be used in schools to improve the efficiency of growing American schools.

Terman followed J. McKeen Cattells work which combined the ideas of Wilhelm Wundt and Francis Galton saying that those who are intellectually superior will have better sensory acuity, strength of grip, sensitivity to pain, and memory for dictated consonants.[6] At Clark University, Terman wrote his doctoral dissertation entitled Genius and stupidity: a study of some of the intellectual processes of seven bright and seven stupid boys. He administered Cattells tests on boys who were considered intelligent versus boys who were considered unintelligent.[7]

Unlike Binet and Simon, whose goal was to identify less able school children in order to aid them with the needed care required, Terman proposed using IQ tests to classify children and put them on the appropriate job-track. He believed IQ was inherited and was the strongest predictor of one’s ultimate success in life.[citation needed]

Termans study of genius and gifted children was a lifelong interest.[8] His fascination with the intelligence of children began early in his career since he was familiar with Alfred Binets research in this area.[9]

Through his studies on gifted children, Terman hoped first, to discover the best educational settings for gifted children and, second, to test and dispel the negative stereotypes that gifted children were conceited, freakish, socially eccentric, and [insane].[10]

Previously, the research had looked at genius adults had been retrospective, examining their early years for clues to the development of talent. With Binets development of IQ tests, it became possible to quickly identify gifted children and study them from their early childhood into adulthood.[9] In his 1922 paper called A New Approach to the Study of Genius, Terman noted that this advancement in testing marked a change in research on geniuses and giftedness.[11] Throughout his life Terman developed several methods for examining individuals with high ability, such as the longitudinal method and above-level testing.[12] Some of these procedures would be adopted by other social scientists studying very different populations.

Terman found his answers in his longitudinal study on gifted children: Genetic Studies of Genius.[13] Initiated in 1921, the Genetic Studies of Genius was from the outset a long-term study of gifted children. Published in five volumes, Terman followed children with extremely high IQ in childhood throughout their lives. The fifth volume examined the children in a 35-year follow-up, and looked at the gifted group during mid-life.[14]

Genetic Studies of Genius revealed that gifted and genius children were in at least as good as average health and had normal personalities. Few of them demonstrated the previously-held negative stereotypes of gifted children. He found that gifted children did not fit the existing stereotypes often associated with them: they were not weak and sickly social misfits, but in fact were generally taller, in better health, better developed physically, and better adapted socially than other children. The children included in his studies were colloquially referred to as “Termites”.[15] The gifted children thrived both socially and academically. In relationships, they were less likely to divorce.[6] Additionally, those in the gifted group were generally successful in their careers: Many received awards recognizing their achievements. Though many of the children reached exceptional heights in adulthood, not all did. Terman explored the causes of obvious talent not being realized, exploring personal obstacles, education, and lack of opportunity as causes.[9]

Terman died before he completed the fifth volume of Genetic Studies of Genius, but Melita Oden, a colleague, completed the volume and published it.[14] Terman wished for the study to continue on after his death, so he selected Robert Richardson Sears, one of the many successful participants in the study as well as a colleague of his, to continue with the work.[6] The study is still supported by Stanford University and will continue until the last of the Termites withdraws from the study or dies.

In 1915, he wrote a paper called The mental hygiene of exceptional children.[16] He pointed out that though he believed the capacity for intelligence is inherited, those with exceptional intelligence also need exceptional schooling. Terman wrote that, [Bright children] are rarely given tasks which call forth their best ability, and as a result they run the risk of falling into lifelong habits of submaximum efficiency.[9] In other words, nature (heredity) plays a large role in determining intelligence, but nurture (the environment) is also important in fostering the innate intellectual ability. By his own admission there was nothing in his own ancestry that would have led anyone to predict him to have an intellectual career.[17]

Terman found too that while exceptional childhood IQ was associated with many great adult achievements, participants as a whole did not greatly exceed the socio-economic outcomes of others from similar social class backgrounds[citation needed]. Non-IQ factors may include hard work, luck, social contacts, good health, and other skills.[citation needed]

Apart from the Terman study, Terman Middle School in Palo Alto, California is named after himself and his son.

His son Frederick Terman, as provost of Stanford University, greatly expanded the science, statistics and engineering departments that helped catapult Stanford into the ranks of the world’s first class educational institutions, as well as spurring the growth of Silicon Valley. Stanford University has an endowed professorship in his honor.

Terman came to believe that IQ was, in addition to dependent on education, highly heritable.

His innovative wide-scale IQ testing exposed him to diverse groups of test-takers. Administering the tests to Spanish-speakers and unschooled African-Americans from the Southwest, he concluded:

High-grade or border-line deficiency… is very, very common among Spanish-Indian and Mexican families of the Southwest and also among negroes. Their dullness seems to be racial, or at least inherent in the family stocks from which they come… Children of this group should be segregated into separate classes… They cannot master abstractions but they can often be made into efficient workers… from a eugenic point of view they constitute a grave problem because of their unusually prolific breeding (The Measurement of Intelligence, 1916, p. 91-92).

Testing other groups in California, he observed

“Perhaps a median IQ of 80 for Italian, Portuguese, and Mexican school children in the cities of California would be a liberal estimate. How much of this inferiority is due to the language handicap and to other environmental factors it is impossible to say, but the relatively good showing made by certain other immigrant groups similarly handicapped would suggest that the true causes lie deeper than environment.” (Mental and Physical Traits of a Thousand Gifted Children, Volume 1, 1925, p. 57)

The suggestions of a significant role for genetics in IQ led Terman to later join the Human Betterment Foundation, a Pasadena-based eugenics group founded by E.S. Gosney in 1928 which had as part of its agenda the promotion and enforcement of compulsory sterilization laws in California.

A modern-day assessment of Terman’s contributions concluded:

Lewis Terman was a man of his less-than-enlightened time. He believed in eugenics, and his research project was called Genetic Studies of Genius. He naively assumed that his high IQ kids (nearly all white) would become the future leaders of science, industry, and politics. His inclusion of girls was an important exception to the biases of the era, since women had only just gotten the right to vote, and had few career options.

However, Terman was above all a scientist; and he was dedicated to collecting meaningful data, and to accepting what the data showed even when it contradicted his beliefs.[18]

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Lewis Terman – Wikipedia

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