NYC Termite Pest Control Extermination Operators, Inspection, Fumigation and Treatment


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Preventive Termite Treatment – Locate Effective Preventive …

Posted: January 13, 2018 at 5:44 am

Preventive termite treatment is less expensive and less difficult than an infestation. If youve ever dealt with a termite problem, you know that the cost and trouble isnt any fun. Luckily, preventive termite treatment can be relatively easy and it can make your future much better. Its a little like keeping the sink clean to prevent mold, rather than cleaning the mold!

People spend a lot of money each year on eliminating termites and trying to control them. In the long run, preventive termite treatment can save you a lot of money. Part of preventive treatment istermite home inspection, and other part is cleanliness. Then, of course, there are other kinds of chemical treatments to protect wood.

If you understand what termites like, you can take preventive measures to avoid creating the ideal scenario for them. This is much more difficult if you live in the southern United States, or another area in which termites are common. This is because termites need water.

In dryer areas, you can removed leaks and puddles and greatly reduce your risk of infestation. Termites only need water and wood to survive, and they can get away with only a little water. However, in places like North Carolina, the ground is damp and termites can get along with the water thats in the foliage and such.

Mulch is also a favorite termite food. You should avoid having mulch near the base of your home, as it provides both food and water for termites. You should clear away brush and all other vegetation from around your home, so that termites cant get water there. Preventive termite treatment involves cleaning up the perimeter of your home.

You should also make sure that wood isnt touching the ground. If you have scrap wood around your home, for example, you should elevate it. You should make sure it doesnt touch the ground, because wet wood on the ground is a termite favorite. Watch out for sheds, too, as they may be susceptible to termite munching, too.

Watch out for dead trees and stumps, too. Keep your gutters clean, and look for all the access points. Spend time considering natural preventive measures. And, if youre in an area where additional treatment is recommended on wood, you may want to invest in that protection.

Preventive termite treatment can be applied in several ways. Spot or wood treatment can help stop activity in the protected area. The only problem with spot preventive termite treatment is that it only works in the applied area. Termites may be able to get around the treatment area and into your home.

You might consider other kinds of preventive termite treatment. Actually, in some states, its required. All building under construction in certain states may need to have a termite treatment. Termiticides, unfortunately, are only effective for around five years, though, so it may be important to apply preventive measures more than once.

You might consider non toxic methods. These tend to focus on prevention, though there are some non toxic sprays that will eliminate termites. You can call an expert to discuss these methods, which will also include the above suggestions regarding removing extra foliage and so forth.

If you pay for official preventive termite treatment, experts might remove mud tubes. They will also advise you to remove debris in your storage areas, and other susceptible areas. Youll want to protect your siding, for example, and plant hedges a little ways from your home.

Be sure you do annual checks around your home for potential termite activity. Look for termites inside, for example, and look for tubes. Consider where you might find termites, and do your best to reduce the risk.

If you do have a problem, you should consult a professional. Infestations are not the easiest thing to deal with. In fact, theyre a real problem! Do-it-yourself treatments are not recommended. While they may be less expensive, they are less effective, and less thorough, and may be harmful to your health.

If you are lucky, preventive termite treatment will mean that you dont ever have to deal with an infestation in your home. However, they do happen rather frequently, and if it happens to you, calling a professional is definitely the safest choice. Termites can really damage your home over time, and you need to make sure to take action against them.

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Termite Control Products – Termite Treatment | Do My Own Pest …

Posted: January 10, 2018 at 6:40 am

See Also: How to do a termite treatment

Termite killer products are available asliquids, termite bait systems, or both. Liquid Termite spray products are fast acting, can be applied closer to the infestation, and require less maintenance. Termite Bait Systems are less intrusive, no drilling or trenching is needed, no expensive equipment is required, and bait systems can help you identify a problem before the termites reach your home. You can do your own termite control, and we carry all the termite killer you’ll need.Continue reading below the products to learn more about termite protection.

Termite pest control can be costly but with the expert advice and professional products at DoMyOwn.com, you can find everything you need to do it yourself. This video provides an overview of do-it-yourself termite control products and methods.

Termites can be one of the most destructive insects to your home. Theyre not just annoying, but they can actually damage the structural integrity of your most important investment. In the southern United States it is estimated that there can be anywhere from 15-25 active termite colonies in any given acre of land. The question is not if your home will get these wood-eating monsters, but when. You have invested a lot into your home and theres no reason why you shouldnt invest in some good termite control to keep them away. At Do My Own Pest Control we have all the different pest control products you need to live pest free, even from termites.

Termites are a huge problem and a serious threat to the value and structural integrity of your home. However, due to their reclusive nature, it can be hard to tell whether or not your house is troubled by these insects. Therefore you should know the following termites signs that might indicate a problem in your home and be ready to act to get rid of them if they are present.

There are three different types of termites that are likely to infest your home: Subterranean termites, drywood termites, and dampwood termites. Here is a brief description of each type.

Termite Behavior

Here are some termite pictures to help you identify them:

Termite pest control services can be costly and thats why we sell everything you need to do it yourself. DIY termite control is so much cheaper than hiring an exterminator. On average, the cost to do it yourself isonly about 10%of what it would cost you to hire a company. When you consider that most companies will charge about $1,500 to do a treatment, you can easily see how much you can save with our help.

There are several different kinds of methods that you could use and we have the right experience to help you know which one is best. Our highly trained staff of termite control experts can help you implement the right protection so you never have to deal with termites again.

We sell all of the best professional products likeTermidorandBora Careto help you take control of your termite infestation and get rid of them for good. A fully matured termite queen can lay up to 2,000 new eggs per day and an aggressive approach to killing termites is often needed to completely exterminate them from your home. With these products, you’ll never have to wonder how to kill termites again!

If you would like to know how to get rid of termites, and the most effective treatment methods available today, you can give us a call at 1-866-581-PEST. We have termite extermination specialists standing by ready to help you get rid of these destructive pests for good!

1. How to Choose a Professional Termite Company – You have decided to call in the pros or maybe you have started your own treatments but needs some back up. These pointers will help you choose a company you can trust.

2. Do Your Own Subterranean Termite Inspection at Home – Every good termite treatment program begins with a thorough inspection to determine trouble spots. Find out how. This article includes a list of the most common signs of termite infestation.

3. Termite baiting is a fairly simple process and can be used as a tool to monitor termite activity early on before infestations flare up. Installing bait stations around your home provide excellent control when combined with a barrier/soil treatment. The following articles will assist you in successful termite baiting: Termite Baiting Systems,Firstline and Advance termite baiting systems, Do Your Own Termite Baiting.

4. Barrier/ Soil Treatments for Termite Control- Discusses how to do your own preventative barrier and soil treatments both pre- and post-construction, using products like Timbor, Termidor, and Cyper WP. Soil treatments form a barrier to prevent termites from entering your home through gaps, cracks, crawl spaces, or wooden elements in the foundation.

5. What to Do When Termites Infest Your Furniture- Hey, wait a second! That’s YOUR armchair! – What you can do to reclaim your recliner when Drywood Termites or other wood-destroying insects take over the sitting room.

Learn more about your pesky opponents’ savvy ways by reading up on some basic identification and biology:

1. Subterranean Termite ID & Biology

2. Drywood Termite ID & Biology

3. Dampwood Termite ID & Biology

There are three common termite species, and each is slightly different. Refer to our specific termite control pages for detailed information on how to control and get rid of the ones that plague you.

1. How to Get Rid of Subterranean Termites

2. How to Get Rid of Drywood Termites

3. How to Get Rid of Dampwood Termites

Recommended Products for Soil/ Barrier Treatments:

Termidor SC Termite Treatment – How to Apply Termidor SC

How To Apply Dominion 2L Termiticide – Dominion 2L Termite Treatment

Recommended Termite Baiting Systems:

The answer to this question will be different for everyone, and the right answer for you will depend on several factors. Termite treatments can be challenging and tedious, requiring specialized training and equipment. Many homeowners have successfully performed their own termite treatments using liquid treatments and/or baiting systems, while others have found it more prudent to pay a professional in order to save time, money, and potential frustration. Before you decide, you may want to consider the following:

I. If You Have an Existing Infestation:

The most effective treatment for active termite infestations is a combination of applying a barrier/soil termiticide treatment, and installing a termite bait system. Keep in mind that a baiting program requires a lot of time, effort, and energy on your part to install the stations and then monitor them on a consistent basis, over a period of years. If monitoring is not done properly, the baiting program will fail. If you feel that you are not up to monitoring your bait stations, call in the professionals!

How to do your own barrier/soil treatment.How to do your own termite baiting.

II. Preventative Treatments:

The same combination of termite treatments used for controlling an active infestation will go a long way to prevent future infestations.

Applying a liquid termiticide to your foundation soil will create a barrier to protect your home that can last up to 5 years if undisturbed.

Termite baiting systems are all the talk on the pest control market as an effective means of managing and preventing termites. Baiting is not a barrier, so it should not be used as a stand-alone treatment, but baiting will drastically reduce the chances of termites making their way into your home.

Recommended Termiticides for Soil/ Barrier TreatmentsCyper TC (Demon TC) Termiticide

Phantom Termiticide Insecticide

Taurus SC Termiticide

Termidor

Recommended Termite Baiting SystemsAdvance Termite Monitor Bait StationUsed to hold the Advance termite monitoring base and wood base to detect subterranean termites.FirstLine Termite Defense System KitComplete Starter Kit for the Firstline Termite Defense System. Everything is included to provide your own Termite Control.

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Termites in Pennsylvania – Philadelphia, Pittsburgh …

Posted: January 5, 2018 at 8:45 pm

PittsburghBethel Park PAChester PADrexel Hill PAGreenburg PAHanover PAHermitage PAKing of Prussia PALancaster PALandsdale PALevittown PAMcKeesport PAMonroeville PAMurrysville PANew Castle PANorristown PAPhiladelphia PAPhoenixville PAPottstown PASpringfield PAWashington PAWest Chester PAWest Mifflin PAWillow Grove PAYork PA

Termites are active across the state, from Pittsburgh to Harrisburg and from Philadelphia to Scranton, Pennsylvania.

What Types of Termites are in Pennsylvania?Subterranean termites are known to cause damage to homes in Pennsylvania. Drywood termites are not native to the state.

Are Formosan Termites in Pennsylvania?Formosan termites have not been identified in Pennsylvania. This species typically lives in very warm locations in the southern U.S.

When Do Termites Swarm in Pennsylvania?Generally, termites swarm on a warm day after a rainfall. Swarms may occur during the winter in heated buildings. The swarming habits of the most common species in Pennsylvania are described below.

More Information about Termites in PennsylvaniaAccording to Termite Infestation Probability Zones (TIP Zones), Pennsylvania is located in TIP Zone #2 (moderate to heavy), which means the potential for termite damage is considered significant. Areas with higher probabilities for activity require more termite control measures to meet International Residential Code building standards for new homes than areas with less frequent activity.

Although drywood termites are not established in Pennsylvania, it is possible for this species to travel in wooden objects, such as furniture and wine crates, and establish colonies in the state. Drywood termites have been found in areas far from their native habitats. A licensed termite inspector can help identify species not native to the state.

In states like Pennsylvania where termites are fairly active and widespread, it is essential to maintain an effective termite prevention and control program. If you own a home in Pennsylvania, talk to your termite control expert about methods to help protect your home from termite infestations and damage.

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Termites in Nebraska – Omaha, Lincoln, Bellevue NE

Posted: at 5:42 am

Termites are active across the state, from Scottsbluff and North Platte to Lincoln and Omaha, Nebraska.Beatrice NEBellvue NEBlair NEColumbus NECrete NEElkhorn NEFremont NEGrand Island NEHastings NEHoldrege NEKearney NELa Vista NELexington NELincoln NENebraska City NENorfolk NENorth Platte NEOmaha NEPapillion NEPlattsmouth NESchuyler NESeward NESouth Sioux City NEWayne NEYork NEWhat Types of Termites are in Nebraska?Subterranean termites are known to cause damage to homes in Nebraska. Drywood termites are not native to the state.

Are Formosan Termites in Nebraska?Formosan termites have not been identified in Nebraska. This species typically lives in very warm locations in the southern U.S.

When Do Termites Swarm in Nebraska?Generally, termites swarm on a warm day after a rainfall. Swarms may occur during the winter in heated buildings. The swarming habits of the most common species in Nebraska are described below.

More Information about Termites in NebraskaAccording to Termite Infestation Probability Zones (TIP Zones), the southeastern half of Nebraska is located in TIP Zone #2 (moderate to heavy), which means the potential for termite damage is considered significant. The northeastern half of the state is located in TIP Zone #3 (slight to moderate), which means there is some potential for damage by termites. Areas with lower probabilities for activity require fewer termite control measures to meet International Residential Code building standards for new homes than areas with more frequent activity.

Although drywood termites are not established in Nebraska, it is possible for this species to travel in wooden objects, such as furniture and wine crates, and establish colonies in the state. Drywood termites have been found in areas far from their native habitats. A licensed termite inspector can help identify species not native to the state.

In states like Nebraska where termites are fairly active and widespread, it is essential to maintain an effective termite prevention and control program. If you own a home in Nebraska, talk to your termite control expert about methods to help protect your home from termite infestations and damage.

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Termites in Nebraska – Omaha, Lincoln, Bellevue NE

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Termites in Potted Plants | Home Guides | SF Gate

Posted: January 3, 2018 at 6:41 am

In nature, termites help break down wood.

In homes, termites can cause significant damage to the building’s structure, but in nature they fill an important niche. Termites help recycle woody plant materials, and also tunnel aggressively through soils, leaving them porous and rich in nutrients. When these insects appear in potted plants, it’s important to consider where the pot is located and the reasons the termites have moved in, before choosing a treatment option.

Termites, small white, tan, grayish, brown or black, antlike insects, live in large colonies underground or inside walls, utility poles or trees. You may confuse these wood-feeding insects with flying ants, but termites lack a pronounced, narrow waist. Like flying ants, termites have two pairs of wings, but the wings of a termite are all the same length. Be cautious about relying on their wings for positive identification, because termites may shed these throughout the year.

When the weather is dry, termites seek out potted plants for the moisture they provide — under these limited circumstances these pests may feed on plant roots. Otherwise, termites are generally harmless to non-woody plants. Termites that have taken up residence in wooden or fiber planters may be working their way through the planter itself, putting the pot in danger of collapse.

Potted plants at risk from termite damage should never be in direct contact with the ground. Most termites will enter these pots from the bottom. The moisture that potted plants leak into the nearby soil attracts many types of termites, especially during the height of the summer. Move any uninfested potted plants to a cement patio or a rock garden with several inches of rock or sand between the pot’s bottom and the ground. Even placing at-risk planters on bricks or cement blocks can prevent termites from tunneling into them.

Before treating potted plants for termites, make absolutely certain your problem is termites and not ants. Although many chemical treatments will kill both pests, ants may indicate your plant has other pest problems that need to be addressed. If your plant is in a smaller pot, submerging it in a solution of 2 tablespoons of insecticidal soap per 1 quart of water for 20 minutes will kill both termites and ants, without harming your plant. Larger potted plants may require a soil treatment with imidacloprid, provided the plant isn’t intended to be used for food. You should completely empty and dry out wooden or fiber planters so you can closely examine the extent of the termite damage. Damaged wood will need to be injected with imidacloprid or fipronil or professionally fumigated before you can repair it. In many cases, it’s better to replace the wooden pot with one made from plastic, terra cotta or cement.

Kristi Waterworth started her writing career in 1995 as a journalist for a local newspaper. From there, her meandering career path led to a 9 1/2 year stint in the real estate industry. Since 2010, she’s written on a wide range of personal finance topics. Waterworth received a Bachelor of Arts in American history from Columbia College.

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Reviews | Clegg’s Termite and Pest Control

Posted: January 2, 2018 at 1:45 am

4.9 star average rating (56 reviews)

Reviews you can trust. All reviews from real customers. Businesses cannot pay to alter or remove their reviews on ContactUs.

What people say about Clegg’s Pest Control

Professional 18

Knowledgeable 11

Courteous 8

Excellent 8

Efficient 7

Professional 18

Knowledgeable 11

Courteous 8

Excellent 8

Efficient 7

Highly Recommend 7

Prompt 7

Friendly 5

Helpful 5

Experienced 4

Great Service 4

Thorough 4

Honest 3

Polite 3

Satisfied 3

Timely 3

Affordable 2

Fair 2

Flexible 2

Kind 2

Reliable 2

Wonderful 2

Committed 1

Dependable 1

Diligent 1

Easy To Work With 1

Fast 1

Punctual 1

Responsive 1

Trustworthy 1

Excellent job, great service! Very helpful technician. Recommended!

Leslie Land

Durham, NC

Prompt scheduling and courteous technician took care of treatment very efficiently and carefully. Would highly recommend Clegg’s and our technician James Martin.

Nelson Ragan

Durham, NC

Marshall Kieser found and recommended termite treatment for my home, and for that I am grateful. The service was scheduled, Marshall explained what would take place and what to expect. The service was done in a timely manner.

Pam Monk

Rougemont, NC

It’s been almost 20 years since Cleggs bought my previous provider and I have enjoyed 20 years of nothing but the finest service in pest control inside and out as well as dehumidifier service under my house. Everything including office personnel gets a 100 in my book.

Herb Neubauer

Durham, NC

Prompt service for emergency calls and professional staff (Robert).

Maureen Joy Charter School

Durham, NC

I was very pleased with my termite treatment from Cleggs Pest Control. They did the job promptly and I have no problems with their service.

Cathy & Charles Ashworth

Chapel Hill, NC

Rodney with Clegg’s was extremely prompt, polite, and full of energy in his treatment of my home and apartment. While we didn’t ask him to, he went out of his way to climb through crawl spaces and move large appliances to treat for cockroaches and palmetto bugs. We opted for a one time visit and one time payment for our properties. It’s nice that we’re not committed to recurring payments through a contract. However, we’re not opposed to it should pest problems persist in our home that has kids and dogs leaving trails of snacks for all types of critters 🙂

Adrian Gerstel

Durham, NC

Was very satisfied with the service it was fast and effective.Thanks to Clegg’s for solving our pest problem.

1st Stop Automotive

Durham, NC

James, our technician was very knowledgeable about the problem we were having. He took his time to explain everything he was doing and why he recommended for our situation. We have not seen any live water bugs since he came.

Wanda Ellis

Durham, NC

Warren Newton of Clegg’s has been servicing our home for almost 25 years! Obviously a company you can trust with your home. We recently worked with Vernon Brown of Clegg’s who inspected and scheduled a termite treat for our church’s fellowship. Mr. Brown and the entire team did a great job there too! A special thanks to the entire staff at Clegg’s for great customer service every time.

Harris Chapel Baptist Church

Youngsville, NC

I called them to do some killing! They did some killing! A lot of bugs died that day, some would call it a tragedy, I call it life. What needed to be done was done!

Daniel Wuliger

DURHAM, NC

First, I would commend Jane, our technician, for her personal and professional qualities and her never-failing attention to duty. Because of this, we seldom have need for un-scheduled service, but, should that need arise, there’s Jane upon whom we can rely abso-lutely. She should receive a medal. Second, I note the unfailing courtesy of the office staff with whom I have talked. Third, I should like to mention that our recently updated termite service was carried out from first to last with consideration and reassurance. The sum total: I have never had anything other than the most satisfactory service from this excel-lent firm.

Lawrence Kline

DURHAM, NC

I am a new customer to Clegg’s referred by my mom who has been a lifetime customer for over 25 yrs. I am so happy with my initial service done by Tyrone. He was simple the best. I am looking forward to a long time service relationship with Tyrone. Thanks Clegg’s for help me get rid of these ants in my home.

Crystal Baptiste

DURHAM, NC

Over the last 12 years, my experiences with Cleggs Pest Control have all been positive. The office staff are very professional and responsive, and the service technicians could not be more reliable.

City of Durham

DURHAM, NC

Cleggs was prompt and professional. They explained everything and worked out a very fair contract. We were very pleased.

Elton Oneal

ROXBORO, NC

We have used Clegg’s Pest Control for our home for many years and have never had a problem with insect invaders. Their people are first class and we would like to specifically commend Rodney for his efficient, friendly service all these years.

Richard Baldwin

DURHAM, NC

The staff are professional, always will try and work you in asap. They service a 6 group homes and a 10 unit apartment unit for us. We highly recommend them for our pest needs.

Person Co #5

ROXBORO, NC

Cleggs, handles the pest control at 35 of my sites. They are always quick to respond to my service needs and the customer service technicians are very friendly and courteous.

Lane & Associates Family Dentistry

DURHAM, NC

Easy to schedule apptService personal arrived on timeVery professional.

Robert Price

DURHAM, NC

We are very pleased with Clegg’s Pest Control here at Hillsborough Self Storage.Thank you!

Hillsborough Self Storage

HILLSBOROUGH, NC

Great service, very easy doing business with (flexible around my busy schedule). Technician (James) was very knowledgeable and did a great job. Will definitely recommend Clegg’s to others.

James Gray

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Reviews | Clegg’s Termite and Pest Control

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Termidor Termite Treatment Brisbane – Pest Control and …

Posted: at 1:44 am

Welcome to EPM, the renowned pest control service provider. We put you first, we specialise in pest control, inspections and termite treatments in Brisbane. We assure our customers get the best protection and barrier treatments against wide a variety of pests. Our priority is ensuring the products we use in and around your home or business is safe for you, your family and pets.

Whilst Brisbanes known for its beautiful timber houses, it is important to have regular inspections for termites and other timber pests that can easily damage a home and can cause you thousands of dollars of damage. If you own a house and are suspicious of termite activity get your home inspected by our one licensed inspectors.

Pests can create health hazards to your family, employees and customers and thus we assess and help provide protection for your business and home. Our termite solutions can last up to 8 years and we can provide immediate solutions to rid your home and business of termites. Our specialities also include rescue from pests that disturb everyday living, and we are equipped with high tech instruments that will free your home from any unwelcome visitors.

No job is too big for us, we can concur all and provide you with the best results. Our staff are professionally trained experts in treating your home and business from termites and other pests. We assure that you get the best service and receive excellent pest control that will ease your mind knowing that we have taken care of it. Dont hesitate to contact our expert team, and we will make sure that all your problems are solved.

We cater to all Brisbane suburbs including northern and southern areas of the city, and specialise in both commercial and residential termite treatments, inspections and natural pest control barriers.

Youre not alone. If youve had a close encounter with pests, then dont hesitate to contact experts in pest eradication for your solutions. For top quality pest control services and termite treatment in Brisbane, please be sure to call our office on 1300 396 077.

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Orange Oil vs Fumigation – Natural Termite Treatment

Posted: December 29, 2017 at 7:42 am

First of all, we highly recommend hiring a trained and licensed inspector to determine the extent of your termite infestations. The type of termite and their location will determine what type of treatment would be effective for your home. Orange Oil or (D-limonene) based termite and pest control products are not considered an alternative to tenting as the two processes are completely different and offer different pros and cons. Understanding the advantages and disadvantages will help you make an educated decision when selecting your control method.

If youre considering orange oil termite control make sure you find a qualified termite company that offers traditional treatments and fumigation as well. This way you will get an unbiased opinion regarding your specific termite control needs. No infestation is the same and no single treatment method can handle every type of termite infestation.

Orange oil products contain the active ingredient dlimonene. Dlimonene is extracted from the rinds of oranges, and its the same chemical found in many household products. Due to dlimonenes low toxicity, it has become increasingly popular and the preferred termite control method for many home owners and industries. Orange oil is also used in the manufacturing of resins, cleaning compounds, and as a fragrance additive in many products.

An orange oil treatment for termites is localized spot application of each identified termite infestation and will only kill termites in the areas treated. Treatment with orange oil requires drilling into the infested wood members and injecting the product into the termite galleries. Orange oil is effective for drywood termites, not subterranean termite infestations.

Orange oil termite control is an effective method of treatment but dont believe that traditional treatments and fumigation are no longer valid options that should be discarded. Only tent fumigation can guarantee complete drywood termite eradication of an entire structure at once. Heres why, 9095% of a buildings wood framing is covered by drywall, plaster, flooring, insulation, paint, roofing, stucco and so on. Localized treatment with orange oil will only control the infestation in the areas where an infestation can be identified and treated. Termites spread by swarming (flying) and can land in the most secluded places in a structure to begin a new infestation; if you cant get to that area for a thorough inspection then you will have no knowledge of the need for treatment in that area either. So the question comes back, does every house need to be fumigated? The answer is no. It depends on the areas of infestation, level of infestations, size and age of the colonies, type of termites you have, and whether or not your going to be satisfied with the idea of controlling your home or structures termite infestations or you want them completely eradicated from the structure all at once.

Advantages of Orange Oil Termite Control:No moving out overnight during the treatment.No need to remove plants or board pets.No bagging of food or medicine.No walking on the roof.

Disadvantages of Orange Oil Termite Control:Orange oil will not control undetected infestations.Large treatments with orange oil could cost more than fumigation.Orange oil does not leave a long lasting residual for future protection.Orange oil requires drilling into your walls and wood members.

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Subterranean Termites – extension2.missouri.edu

Posted: at 7:42 am

Richard M. HousemanDepartment of Entomology

There are approximately 2,500 species of termites worldwide. Most are found in tropical areas, while relatively few live in colder climates. Only about 45 species are found in the United States, and most of these are located in southern states. Four species of termites are reported to occur naturally in Missouri. All of these species are closely related and belong to the genus Reticulitermes.

Termites are generally grouped into categories based on the habitat in which they live. Drywood and dampwood termites live inside wood of varying levels of decay and moisture content. Subterranean termites live in the soil and wood that is in contact with soil. All of Missouri’s native Reticulitermes termites are subterranean. Subterranean termites are found throughout most of the continental United States, while wood-dwelling species occur in the coastal and southernmost tier of states. Wood-dwelling termites can be introduced into other locations of the country through the transport of wood products, although they normally do not spread or become established in these locations.

In natural ecosystems termites are considered beneficial because they help release nutrients from dead wood and other cellulose materials into the soil. In human environments, they are considered serious pests. Due to their widespread distribution, subterranean termites are responsible for most of the termite damage caused annually in the United States. Approximately $4.5 billion is spent annually in the United States to control subterranean termite infestations and repair damage they cause. The most common house-infesting termite in the United States is Reticulitermes flavipes, the eastern subterranean termite (Figure 1).

Figure 1Subterranean termite (Reticulitermes spp.) workers and soldier.

Termites are social insects like ants, bees and wasps. Social insects live in large groups, share a nest and share important biological roles among individuals within a colony. In termite colonies, important biological roles are divided among physically distinct termites called castes. Termite castes include eggs, larvae, workers, soldiers, nymphs and reproductives (Figure 2). The percentage of the colony in each caste is regulated by chemical signals, which vary between different species and groups of termites.

Figure 2Life history of subterranean termites (Reticulitermes spp.). After hatching, termites may pass through many, but not all, of the stages shown here. These stages are

ReproductivesThis is the adult caste that produces offspring. There is always at least one male and one female in an active colony. Primary reproductives are shiny brownish to black in color. They are produced in mature colonies and emerge at certain seasons of the year to make dispersal flights. During the period they are called swarmers (Figure 2). Swarmers are seldom produced until the colony is more than three years old.

In the case of the eastern subterranean termite, swarming flights occur in Missouri during the spring months, usually on a warm, sunny day following rain. Sometimes, termite swarmers are confused with ant swarmers during this time, but the two are easily distinguished from one another (Figure 3). After flying away from their home colony, termite swarmers shed their wings and pair up. Each pair starts a new colony by constructing a protective cell in the soil adjacent to wood or other food source. Mating and egg production begin in this cell. These activities constitute the beginning of a new subterranean termite colony.

Figure 3Differences in body form between winged termites and winged ants. Winged termites are distinguished by

Winged ants are distinguished by

EggsSubterranean termite queens lay clusters of eggs (Figure 2), which look like small, translucent jelly beans. The reproductives care for the first batch of eggs, but thereafter, worker termites care for the eggs, keeping them clean from bacteria, fungi and other microorganisms in the soil.

LarvaeThese are small termites that have just hatched from the egg and have not molted more than once (Figure 2). They are characterized by their small size, soft head capsules and mouthparts, and their absence of coloration. They are dependent on worker termites to feed them.

WorkersAlso called pseudergates, these termites are creamy white and soft bodied, with a darker head and hardened mouthparts (Figure 2). Workers are the most common caste in a termite colony and are responsible for many of the activities in the colony. Workers locate and consume wood, feed and groom the other castes, and build and repair tunnel systems. Because subterranean termites are susceptible to drying out when exposed to open air, the nest-building activities of the worker caste are critical for colony survival. In addition to tunneling, subterranean termite workers build shelter tubes to serve as protected passageways from the soil to aboveground food sources.

Even after reaching maturity, workers continue to molt periodically throughout their lives with no increase in size. After every molt, workers get a new set of mouthparts. If isolated, individual workers may molt into a stage that is capable of reproduction. Workers that go through this change are called tertiary reproductives.

SoldiersRelatively few soldiers are found within a colony. They are responsible for colony defense. Their enlarged heads and long mandibles are adapted to plug holes in the tunnels and inflict a painful bite on invading enemies (Figure 2). Soldiers rely on the worker caste to feed them.

NymphsTermites in this caste are preparing to molt into fully winged termites and leave the nest to start new colonies (Figure 2). If isolated during this stage, individual nymphs can become capable of reproduction. Nymphs that go through this change are called secondary reproductives.

Subterranean termites invade homes from the soil around and beneath the structure. Infestations occur when subterranean termite workers locate structural wood in contact with soil or when termites build shelter tubes from the soil across foundation walls and into structural wood. Subterranean termites may also gain access through cracks in the slab or seams where plumbing and electrical lines penetrate the concrete. Foundations made of hollow blocks, or of masonry and rock provide several avenues for termites to gain undetected access to wooden parts of the structure. Once inside, subterranean termite colonies maintain access to the soil around or under a home. The soil provides them with the necessary moisture to remain healthy.

Subterranean termites do not cause significant damage over a period of days or weeks. It typically takes several months or years of feeding for termite damage to be significant. Termites prefer to feed on the soft grain of the wood. In severely infested wood, only the hard grain and a thin outer shell remain. Termites intentionally remain hidden within infested wood, preferring not to be exposed to the outside environment. This makes it difficult to locate infested wood in a structure. An infested timber can look perfectly normal on the outside, even when riddled with termite galleries on the inside.

Subterranean termite damage has a distinctive appearance. An active infestation is recognized by the presence of live termites and a fecal-soil mixture within the tunnels. This soil mixture is brought into the tunnels to help maintain humidity. In active infestations, this soil looks moist. In old damage, the soil in the tunnels looks dry. It is impossible to determine how old termite damage is by looking at the infested wood. A survey of the extent of damaged wood throughout a home is generally more helpful in determining the length of time associated with an infestation. In general, large areas of damaged wood indicate longer-term infestations, while smaller areas of damage may indicate less time since infestation.

To check for termites, probe any wood near the foundation or soil with a sharp screwdriver. Pay close attention to sill plates, header joists, ends of floor joists, bases of wall studs and flooring. Termite-damaged wood offers little resistance to the probe. The presence of earthen shelter tubes on a foundation wall or wood is also evidence of infestation. The presence of large numbers of swarmers inside a structure is a sure sign the structure is infested. If you find damage, there is no hurry to apply control measures. Termites work slowly, and a few weeks of delay are of little consequence. Use this time to carefully select a management strategy and commercial pest management professional (PMP) to treat the infestation.

To minimize the risk of infestation by subterranean termites, consider three important principles while a home is being built:

SanitationEliminating wood debris during construction removes potential food sources subterranean termite colonies need to survive and invade. It is important to remove grade stakes, form boards and all other wood scraps from the soil around a new home before the backfill is pushed against the foundation. You also need to ensure that there is no wood placed under porches, steps and patios as filler. If construction scraps are placed in these locations, it provides an ideal place for termite colonies to establish and grow adjacent to your home. From these hidden areas, it is easy for termites to infest flooring, door frames, wall studs and sill plates. Insist that construction scraps are removed regularly during the building process.

Areas of consistently moist soil along a foundation wall provide good termite habitat. To minimize this, the finished grade should always slope away from the foundation for good water drainage. Downspouts should be directed away from the foundation walls to minimize pockets of moisture along a foundation. In buildings with crawl spaces, sufficient ventilation outlets for air movement are important in keeping the soil dry underneath the home.

ConstructionA poured, reinforced, crack-free concrete foundation is the best deterrent to termite infestation. Solid concrete foundations and basements are recommended. Hollow-block and brick foundations have many internal passageways for termite infestation and thus are discouraged. However, if installed, these foundations should be capped with at least 4 inches of concrete to provide a barrier to termite invasion. Rock foundations develop many potential entry routes as the mortar ages and cracks appear.

Avoid wood-to-soil contact. No wood should ever extend into or through concrete to the soil. This provides an ideal point for termites to enter structural wood undetected below the foundation. Make sure basement partition walls, posts and stair stringers are not put into place until after the concrete floor has been poured. Porch supports and wooden steps should rest on concrete bases that extend above the soil.

Never allow siding to extend below the soil surface. Termites can enter the wall behind siding undetected. Even if the siding isn’t edible, termite tubes will be shielded from view. Always insist that 4 to 6 inches is maintained between the soil surface and the bottom edge of siding, brick veneer, or other outer wall coverings. In this case, mud tubes will be visible upon inspection. Styrofoam insulation placed on the outside of the foundation and basement walls, and which extends up behind the siding, is discouraged because it provides a pathway for termites to enter a wall undetected.

Using treated wood for construction of components that are most susceptible to termite attack is recommended. Treated lumber should always be used in locations such as sill plates or mudsills. Treated woods provide adequate protection, but remember that termites can build mud tubes over treated wood and gain access to untreated areas of the structure. Most wood treatments are intended for prevention of fungal decay. You can apply disodium octaborate tetrahydrate (Bora-Care, Tim-Bor) to protect unfinished wood from termite attack. This borate salt is applied either by dipping or spraying the wood. If properly applied, borates penetrate deep into the wood. Borates are normally applied as coarse sprays to framing during construction. When borate-treated wood is exposed to moisture, borates leach out and render the wood susceptible; so treated framing should not be exposed to rain.

Note:As of Jan. 1, 2004, CCA-treated wood is no longer available for use in most residential settings.

BarriersEven with the best construction practices, homes remain susceptible to termite infestation. Termites can enter through cracks or gaps in the foundation as small as 1/32 inch. Cracks eventually form in nearly all foundations. Small gaps also occur around plumbing and electrical penetrations. Termites can go through gaps where concrete sections come together at expansion joints. Because termites can exploit these tiny openings, a chemical barrier against termite tunneling may be desired at the time of construction.

The time just before pouring the foundation is the best time to establish an effective chemical barrier against termite invasion because it minimizes the size and number of untreated soil gaps termites can exploit to gain entry into the structure. Soil under the foundation can be soaked thoroughly with termiticide before placing the vapor barrier. This creates a zone of treated soil to protect susceptible areas of the foundation. In addition to treating the soil, there are products available that incorporate termiticide into the vapor barrier itself. In any case, a termiticide barrier should not be considered as a substitute for good construction methods.

Commercial PMPs treat several areas during a preconstruction treatment. These areas include but are not limited to the soil beneath concrete slabs, including garage floors, porches and patios; soil adjacent to the foundation or basement walls; and soil near sewer and other utility lines that penetrate finished concrete.

Note:If a concrete block foundation is constructed, the voids inside individual concrete blocks should all be treated before a concrete cap is poured on top.

Soil treatments and termite baiting systems are the primary treatment options to consider in postconstruction termite elimination. Although both are effective, the goals, methods, costs and expectations are unique for each. Postconstruction termite treatments should be carried out by a licensed, commercial pest management professional (PMP). There are no do-it-yourself termite control measures that effectively achieve the desired results. Commercial PMPs have the necessary equipment and access to the best technologies and products available for subterranean termite management.

Soil treatmentsThe goals of a soil treatment are to eliminate the current infestation and prevent termites from infesting the structure again in the future. This is accomplished by treating soil adjacent to potential termite entry points. Termites traveling between the structure and the soil are exposed to this treated soil, expose their nestmates to the toxin and succumb to the effects of the treatment. The effects of a soil treatment occur within the first few weeks after treatment.

Treating soil adjacent to a structure also provides long-term protection by isolating it to some degree from termite activity in the surrounding environment. Most commercially available termiticides remain active in soils for 58 years under normal conditions. Termites that tunnel into treated soils during this period would be unable to successfully establish within the structure.

When a soil treatment is used to eliminate subterranean termite infestations, several methods are used by the PMP, depending on the type of construction. Treatments differ between slab, crawl space and basement foundations (Table 1). Some of the methods associated with soil treatments can be invasive to the homeowner. In addition, large amounts of chemical are used in soil treatments. However, termite infestations are normally eliminated quickly, and residual protection continues for several years.

Table 1Soil treatment methods for common construction types in Missouri.

Slab

Crawl space

Basement

Termiticides used in soil treatments differ in the way they affect termites and are classified in two categories:

There is no mortality associated with repellent termiticides, while mortality occurs when termites tunnel into soils treated by nonrepellent termiticides. Differences in repellency are critical when deciding which termiticides should be used for pre- or postconstruction soil treatments (Table 2).

Table 2List of some common registered termiticides and recommendations for use in either pre- or postconstruction soil applications. All of these products are for use by a licensed pest management professional.

Biflex TC

Demon TC

Dragnet FT

Phantom

Prelude

Premise 75

Prevail FT

Talstar

Termidor 80

Torpedo

Tribute

Laboratory studies have shown that because there is no mortality associated with repellent termiticides, the colony continues its tunneling activities and is likely to find gaps of untreated soil (Figure 4). The same studies found that gaps in nonrepellent barriers were not exploited because exposure and subsequent mortality minimized termite tunneling (Figure 4). The soaking of soils when applying preconstruction barriers leaves fewer gaps than in postconstruction barriers. Therefore, when creating a preconstruction barrier, either repellent or nonrepellent termiticides can be used. However, only nonrepellent termiticides are recommended for postconstruction soil treatments.

Figure 4Differences between repellent and nonrepellent termiticides in the way they influence termite tunneling and ability to locate gaps in treated soils.

BaitingThe goal of baiting is to eliminate termites in a structure by intercepting active termite colonies around the home and feeding them a toxic food source. This is accomplished by placing stations in the ground around an infested structure. The stations initially contain wood or some other food material. When termites find a station, the food material inside is replaced with bait that contains a slow-acting chemical toxicant. The colony feeds on the bait, passes it around through food-sharing, and later succumbs to the effects of the bait. The time needed to eliminate termite colonies with bait is unpredictable and may take a few or several months depending on the time needed for termites to locate the stations, consume the bait and transfer the toxicant throughout the colony.

PMPs normally follow step-by-step procedures in response to termite feeding activity in bait stations (Figure 5). It is normally recommended that a PMP check each station at monthly intervals. Regular follow-up by the PMP is an important part of baiting. Regular monitoring ensures that the bait system works effectively in the shortest possible amount of time. If long-term protection is desired, the homeowner must hire the PMP to continue monitoring after the initial baiting cycle. The cost of this monitoring makes baiting more expensive on average than soil treatments. However, it is generally less invasive because the stations are typically outdoors.

Figure 5Steps followed during typical baiting cycle for subterranean termites include (a) station with monitoring device placed into soil; (b) termites discover and occupy the monitoring device in the station; (c) monitoring device is removed and bait is placed inside station; (d) termites from monitoring device are placed on bait inside station. (Adapted from M.J. Pearce, 1997. Termites: Biology and Pest Management.)

One necessary characteristic of all baits is that they must have a delayed effect to ensure sufficient time to pass the toxicant around the colony. However, bait toxicants vary in their toxicity to termites. Many bait toxicants are synthetic insect growth hormones (IGRs), while just a few are slow-acting poisons. IGRs interfere with termite development by causing the death of termite workers and nymphs during the molting process. Poisons interfere with normal functioning of certain body systems.

Soil treatments vs. baitsSoil drenches are fast-acting, provide some residual protection, and are usually less expensive than baits. However, when large amounts of termiticide are used around the structure, they can be invasive because of drilling. Baits have the advantage of being less invasive with smaller amounts of termiticide used. However, they take longer, there is no residual protection, and they are normally more expensive. Regular customer contact is not associated with soil treatments, while baits require the PMP to visit the home regularly. Some homeowners may feel frequent contact is a benefit, while others see it as a burden.

Hiring a licensed pest management professionalThe most important choice you make when dealing with a termite infestation is the decision of which commercial PMP to hire. Do not base your selection solely on advertising or name recognition. Select a company based on reputation, quality of service and reliability. To know whether a company meets your expectations, personal contact is essential. Talk personally with representatives of at least three companies. You should talk to other people who have hired each company. You can call the Missouri Department of Agriculture Bureau of Pesticide Control to do a quick background check. You may even want to contact your local Chamber of Commerce or Better Business Bureau.

Each company should perform a thorough inspection beforehand and provide a description of the work to be done, chemicals to be used, details of any guarantees and estimated costs. Costs of inspections, treatments and service agreements often vary considerably between companies. It is better to avoid unusually high or unusually low estimates. Study all the information you receive, then base your decision on what is most important for your particular termite situation and which company you trust to do the work.

Most commercial pest management companies are reputable, legitimate businesses recognized by the state. Each company is required to have at least one person licensed to apply pesticides for specific pests or areas of your home. These individuals are required to be familiar with available pesticides, pass written examinations and regularly attend training sessions to renew their certification. The Missouri Department of Agriculture is responsible for licensing, training and monitoring the activities of commercial PMPs in our state.

Questions to ask a pest management company

Avoid companies that

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The pest Company Kordon Termite Barriers

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Kordon Termite Barrier

Traditional physical barriers allow termites to search up and down their length until they find a gap or weakness to enter through. This downfall has been removed in the Kordon barrier through its unique ability to actually repel the termites.

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We prefer and recommend Altis, Premise, Exterra and Kordon as solutions to termite problems. This is because, in our opinion, they are the best options available and have impressive proven track records.

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